Perceptions of environmental supports on the physical activity behaviors of university men and women: a preliminary investigation

Reed, Julian and Ainsworth, Barbara (2007) Perceptions of environmental supports on the physical activity behaviors of university men and women: a preliminary investigation. Journal of American College Health, 56 2: 199-204. doi:10.3200/JACH.56.2.199-208


Author Reed, Julian
Ainsworth, Barbara
Title Perceptions of environmental supports on the physical activity behaviors of university men and women: a preliminary investigation
Journal name Journal of American College Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0744-8481
1940-3208
Publication date 2007-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3200/JACH.56.2.199-208
Volume 56
Issue 2
Start page 199
End page 204
Total pages 6
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Routledge
Language eng
Subject 111712 Health Promotion
111706 Epidemiology
Formatted abstract
Objective
To examine perception differences between genders of university sidewalks and safety from crime on the physical activity (PA) behaviors of undergraduate students.

Participants
Five hundred and sixty undergraduate students participated in this study.

Methods
The authors derived questions from the South Carolina Environmental Supports for Physical Activity Questionnaire (SCESPAQ) and National College Health Risk Behavior Survey (NCHRS) PA module.

Results
The authors found a significant mean difference between genders for the Moderate Intensity Item (eg, walking and biking) and the Flexibility Item, t(558) = 3.602, p = .001, and t(558) = 1.946, p = .050, respectively. Of participants surveyed, 30% of women perceived this campus to be extremely safe compared with 49% of men, t(558) = 4.240, p = .001. Gender and the perceptions of sidewalk presence were significantly related (p < .05) to respondents' walking or bicycling patterns.

Conclusions
Perceptions of sidewalks and safety from crime on this university campus were related to students' PA behaviors.
Keyword College health
Ecological model
Physical activity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

 
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