Locus of control and attributions for academic performance of self and others

Ashkanasy, Neal M. and Gallois, Cynthia (1987) Locus of control and attributions for academic performance of self and others. Australian Journal of Psychology, 39 3: 293-305. doi:10.1080/00049538708259054

Author Ashkanasy, Neal M.
Gallois, Cynthia
Title Locus of control and attributions for academic performance of self and others
Journal name Australian Journal of Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0004-9530
Publication date 1987-12-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/00049538708259054
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 39
Issue 3
Start page 293
End page 305
Total pages 13
Editor Patrick Heaven
Place of publication Basingstoke, U.K
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Language eng
Subject 380100 Psychology
380105 Social and Community Psychology
170113 Social and Community Psychology
Formatted abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between locus of control (LOC) and attributions of academic performance by the actor and by others. Three hundred and seventy-three undergraduate students completed a Likert-type version of the Locus of Control Scale (Collins. 1974), and a version of the Multidimensional Multiattributional Causation Scale (Lefcourt, von Bayer. Ware. & Cox. 1979), which described academic performance by self or university students in general. Subjects were divided into internal and external LOC groups. It was expected (a) that internal locus of control subjects would make use of effort in their explanations, and less use of luck than would externals; (b) that attributions of self performance by both internal and external LOC subjects would be more internal than attributions of others' performance, especially for success; (c) that, if an external control orientation is a defensive reaction, external LOC subjects would attribute failures more externally than successes; and (d) that internal LOC subjects would be less likely to use ability explanations than effort. The results generally supported all the hypotheses except the third, and were interpreted as supporting Rotter's (1966) view that LOC is an individual bias, independent of situational variables which influence attributions. Weiner's (1979) version of attribution theory was also supported. although the variable of controllability needs more research, particularly on the way it influences attributions to ability and task difficulty.
Keyword Attribution
College academic achievement
Internal external locus of control
Self perception
College students
Social perception
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Psychology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 7 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 07 Nov 2008, 23:21:55 EST by Ms Kellie Ashley on behalf of School of Psychology