Is There Evidence to Show that Fetal Alcohol Syndrome can be Prevented?

Murphy-Brennan, MG and Oei, TPS (1999) Is There Evidence to Show that Fetal Alcohol Syndrome can be Prevented?. Journal of Drug Education, 29 1: 5-24. doi:10.2190/P2QH-P54W-8FNN-0FKU

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Author Murphy-Brennan, MG
Oei, TPS
Title Is There Evidence to Show that Fetal Alcohol Syndrome can be Prevented?
Journal name Journal of Drug Education   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0047-2379
Publication date 1999-01-01
Year available 1999
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2190/P2QH-P54W-8FNN-0FKU
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 29
Issue 1
Start page 5
End page 24
Total pages 20
Place of publication NY
Publisher Baywood Publishing Company
Language eng
Subject 321210 Community Child Health
321206 Preventive Medicine
380107 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
780108 Behavioural and cognitive sciences
Abstract Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is currently the major cause of mental retardation in the Western world. Since FAS is not a natural phenomenon and is created by mixing alcohol and pregnancy, the solution to decreasing the incidence of all alcohol-related birth defects is therefore entirely preventable. To date, little is known about the effectiveness of prevention programs in reducing the incidence of FAS. Therefore, it is the intention of this article to review the effectiveness of prevention programs in lowering the incidence of FAS. The present review revealed that prevention programs, to date, have been successful in raising awareness of FAS levels across the groups examined. However, this awareness has not been translated into behavioral changes in 'high risk' drinkers as consumption levels in this group have decreased only marginally, indicating prevention programs have had minimal or no impact in lowering the incidence of FAS. Urgent steps must now be taken to fully test prevention programs, and find new strategies involving both sexes, to reduce and ultimately eliminate the incidence of FAS.
Keyword Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Foetal Alcohol Syndrome
Birth defects
Mental retardation
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article reproduced with permission from Baywood Publishing Company, Inc. (

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Psychology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 5 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Mon, 09 Feb 2004, 10:00:00 EST