Tsunami Surges on Dry Coastal Plains: Application of Dam Break Wave Equations

Chanson, Hubert (2006) Tsunami Surges on Dry Coastal Plains: Application of Dam Break Wave Equations. Coastal Engineering Journal, 48 4: 355-370. doi:10.1142/S0578563406001477

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Author Chanson, Hubert
Title Tsunami Surges on Dry Coastal Plains: Application of Dam Break Wave Equations
Journal name Coastal Engineering Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0578-5634
Publication date 2006-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1142/S0578563406001477
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 48
Issue 4
Start page 355
End page 370
Total pages 16
Editor Wataru Kioka
Place of publication Singapore
Publisher World Scientific Publ Co Pte Ltd
Collection year 2006
Language eng
Subject 291205 Ocean Engineering
240502 Fluid Physics
290000 Engineering and Technology
291899 Interdisciplinary Engineering not elsewhere classified
291299 Maritime Engineering not elsewhere classified
260403 Physical Oceanography
291800 Interdisciplinary Engineering
291200 Maritime Engineering
300100 Soil and Water Sciences
291803 Turbulent Flows
299900 Other Engineering and Technology
290802 Water and Sanitary Engineering
300105 Applied Hydrology (Drainage, Flooding, Irrigation, Quality, etc.)
290800 Civil Engineering
299999 Engineering and Technology not elsewhere classified
770402 Land and water management
290899 Civil Engineering not elsewhere classified
Abstract Surge waves resulting from dam breaks have been responsible for numerous losses of life. A related situation is the tsunami surges advancing on dry coastal plains. Herein a simple dam break wave solution is presented. The results yield some simple expressions of the instantaneous free-surface profile and flow depths that compare well with well-known dam break wave data. The results are applied to tsunami surges on dry coastal plains and compared with some data set. The present development offers simple analytical expressions that compare well with both experimental data and more advanced theoretical solutions, and that are further well-suited for pedagogical purposes, computational model validation, and accurate real-time predictions of tsunami surges.
Keyword tsunami surge
dam break wave
analytical solutions
flow resistance
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Q-Index Code C1
Additional Notes The full bibliographic details are : CHANSON, H. (2006). "Tsunami Surges on Dry Coastal Plains: Application of Dam Break Wave Equations." Coastal Engineering Journal, Vol. 48, No. 4, pp. 355-370 (ISSN 0578-5634).

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Created: Tue, 31 Oct 2006, 10:00:00 EST by Hubert Chanson on behalf of School of Engineering