Farming under constrained budgets: Practices of agricultural credit users in central Lombok, Indonesia

Sjah, T., Russell, I. W. and Cameron, D. C. (2004). Farming under constrained budgets: Practices of agricultural credit users in central Lombok, Indonesia. In: Brett Robinson, Farming Systems in the Future. 1st Australian Farming Systems Conference 2003, Toowoomba, Qld, Australia, (). 7-11 September, 2003.

Author Sjah, T.
Russell, I. W.
Cameron, D. C.
Title of paper Farming under constrained budgets: Practices of agricultural credit users in central Lombok, Indonesia
Conference name 1st Australian Farming Systems Conference 2003
Conference location Toowoomba, Qld, Australia
Conference dates 7-11 September, 2003
Proceedings title Farming Systems in the Future
Place of Publication Toowoomba, Qld Australia
Publisher AFSA
Publication Year 2004
Sub-type Fully published paper
ISBN not found
Editor Brett Robinson
Total pages not found
Collection year 2003
Language eng
Abstract/Summary There has been a long dependency on credit by Indonesian farmers as a result of the lack of capital to apply proper farming practices. This paper describes the farming activities applied by agricultural credit users in Central Lombok, Indonesia. A survey was conducted during July 2001- March 2002 of 65 farmers making use of government or private credit in three villages within the Regency. Data from the farmers were collected using face-to-face, semi-structured interviews. Survey results indicated that on average, farmers had some 20 years experience of farming, were aged 40 years, but lacked of formal education. Their main asset was cropping land with average landholding of 0.69 ha. As a consequence of their capital constraints, farmers were commonly making use of credit to finance their farming activities, including both production of rice as the main crop and secondary crops. Farmers generally applied less than recommended amount of inputs in their farming practices, since the amount of credit they obtained was limited. As a result, their farms become less productive and their repayment capability of loans diminished. Of 65 farmers interviewed, 54 could earn extra income by engaging in a variety of non-farm activities, which contributed on average some 36% to family incomes of over Rp 5 million (A$ 1 thousand). The average credit repayment rate made by agricultural producers was 60%. The repayment made did not always reflect farm production capacity, being sometimes supported by other borrowings. The greater role of credit is not in increasing agricultural production or improving farmers’ income, but in helping them to sustain farm production and their living. Farmers need a bigger amount of credit to make an impact on their livelihood. This should be accompanied by extension services for farmers to enable better use of credit and to change their attitude towards it. As well, farmers require to be equipped with technical and market skills to run a business. Interdisciplinarity, holistic analysis, and an expansion of traditional ‘agricultural’ interests to embrace the span of interests included in rural livelihood, are each critical features of revision of the existing system.
Subjects E1
380199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
780108 Behavioural and cognitive sciences
Q-Index Code E1

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Created: Fri, 24 Aug 2007, 13:02:58 EST