Towards sustainable management: Southern Africa's Afromontane, and Western Australia's Jarrah forests

Wardell-Johnson, Grant W. and Calver, Michael (2005). Towards sustainable management: Southern Africa's Afromontane, and Western Australia's Jarrah forests. In Michael Calver, Heidi Bigler-Cole, Geoffrey Bolton, John Dargavel, Andrea Gaynor, Pierre Horwitz, Jenny Mills and Grant Wardell-Johnson (Ed.), A forest conscienceness: Proceedings 6th National Conference of the Australian Forest History Society Inc, 12-17 September 2004, Augusta, Western Australia (pp. 729-739) Rotterdam, Netherlands: Millpress Science Publishers.

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Author Wardell-Johnson, Grant W.
Calver, Michael
Title of chapter Towards sustainable management: Southern Africa's Afromontane, and Western Australia's Jarrah forests
Title of book A forest conscienceness: Proceedings 6th National Conference of the Australian Forest History Society Inc, 12-17 September 2004, Augusta, Western Australia
Place of Publication Rotterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Millpress Science Publishers
Publication Year 2005
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
ISBN 9059660269
9789059660267
Editor Michael Calver
Heidi Bigler-Cole
Geoffrey Bolton
John Dargavel
Andrea Gaynor
Pierre Horwitz
Jenny Mills
Grant Wardell-Johnson
Start page 729
End page 739
Total pages 11
Total chapters 68
Language eng
Subjects 300803 Natural Resource Management
300600 Forestry Sciences
300604 Management and Environment
0502 Environmental Science and Management
0705 Forestry Sciences
Abstract/Summary We review the history of forest management in two southern hemisphere forest types: Western Australia's jarrah Eucalyptus marginata forests and the Afromontane forests of southern Africa to determine approaches for achieving sustainable forest management. We argue that despite major differences in the ecology and biogeography of these two forest types, a shared pattern in the history of exploitation may provide lessons for achieving sustainable management across forest types. While advanced silvicultural understanding has long been achieved in both forest types, this in itself has not led to either sustainable management or to public acceptance of forest management regimes. In both areas an early, rapid expansion of uncontrolled timber removal and in the number of operating timber mills was followed by controlled exploitation, a rapid decline in the numbers of mills and, more recently, a general decline in yield. In neither case was increased concern about conservation responsible for the reduction in either yield or in employment in the industry. Rather, in WA jarrah forests, amendments in purpose and tenure were subsequent to the loss of most mills and towns, while in southern Africa's Afromontane forests, timber workers were pensioned by 1939 because of scanty remaining merchantable timber. In the jarrah forests, we believe that the conflict generated by conservation concerns, reduced timber industry employment, and reduced benefits flowing to the communities adjacent to the logged forests, has fueled dissatisfaction with forest management outcomes. This has led to a new process in the preparation of forest management plans. Increased accountability and more realistic expectations of timber yield following productivity declines may mean the current plan for the forests of Western Australia can be used as an example to achieve sustainability in Mediterranean forest ecosystems. However, general acceptance of management regimes may not be achieved until the scale of logging operations is matched with local sustainability criteria. Increasing the area of reserves will not accelerate this process, but rather may impede it. Setting conservative overall yield estimates, and achieving local sustainability seem both to be necessary to achieve general acceptance of management regimes. A sustainable management system appears to have been achieved in the Afromontane forests and has led to the development and maintenance of support for small-scale operations to supply local timber needs from State managed forests. In both environments such a process is achievable because of the high value and specialized nature of the native forest timber resource, and because of the increasing availability of general purpose timber from plantations.
Keyword Logging
Afromontane forest
Jarrah forest
Management regimes
Sustainability
Silviculture
Employment
Plantations
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Created: Mon, 29 Aug 2005, 10:00:00 EST by Grant W Wardell-Johnson on behalf of School of Integrative Systems