Modelling Air Bubble Entrainment by Plunging Breakers

Chanson, Hubert and Cummings, Peter D. (1994). Modelling Air Bubble Entrainment by Plunging Breakers. In: Isaacson, M. and Quick, M., Proceedings of the International Symposium : Waves - Physical and Numerical Modelling, IAHR, Vancouver BC, Canada, (783-792). .

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Author Chanson, Hubert
Cummings, Peter D.
Title of paper Modelling Air Bubble Entrainment by Plunging Breakers
Conference name Proceedings of the International Symposium : Waves - Physical and Numerical Modelling, IAHR
Conference location Vancouver BC, Canada
Publication Year 1994
Sub-type Fully published paper
Editor Isaacson, M.
Quick, M.
Volume 2
Start page 783
End page 792
Abstract/Summary The aeration characteristics of plunging breakers in the deep sea are described using a similarity with plunging jets. A large two-dimensional jet facility provides new experimental data on the number and sizes of the entrained bubbles and the resulting air-water interface area. The results enable new calculations of the air-water gas transfer contribution of the plunging breakers. The results are consistent with experimental field observations and emphasise the role of plunging breakers in the aeration process of the oceans.
Subjects 291205 Ocean Engineering
290799 Resources Engineering not elsewhere classified
290000 Engineering and Technology
290802 Water and Sanitary Engineering
260403 Physical Oceanography
260400 Oceanography
291200 Maritime Engineering
Keyword plunging breaking wave
air entrainment
air bubble modelling
References BONETTO, F., and LAHEY, R.T. Jr (1993). "An Experimental Study on Air Carryunder due to a Plunging Liquid Jet." Intl Jl of Multiphase Flow, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 281-294. CHANSON, H., and CUMMINGS, P.D. (1993). "Prediction of Bubble Entrainment due to Storm Waves." Proc. 25th IAHR Congress, Tokyo, Japan, paper C3-2, Vol. 4, pp. 80-87. COLES, K.A. (1967). "Heavy Weather Sailing." Adlard Coles, London, UK, 303 pages. ERVINE, D.A., McKEOGH, E. and, ELSAWY, E.M. (1980). "Effect of Turbulence Intensity on the rate of Air Entrainment by Plunging Water Jets." Proc. Instn Civ. Engrs, Part 2, June, pp. 425-445. FARMER, D.M., McNEIL, C.L., and JOHNSON, B.D. (1993). "Evidence of the Importance of Bubbles in Increasing Air-Sea Gas Flux." Nature, Vol. 361, pp. 620-623. GRIFFIN, O.M. (1984). "The Breaking of Ocean Surface Waves." Naval Research Lab. Memo., Report No. 5337, Washington, USA. HWUNG, H.H., CHYAN, J.M., and CHUNG, Y.C. (1992). "Energy Dissipation and Air Bubbles Mixing inside Surf Zone." Proc. 23rd Intl Conf. on Coastal Eng., ASCE, Venice, Italy, Vol. 1, Chap. 22, pp. 308-321. KOGA, M. (1982). "Bubble Entrainment in Breaking Wind Waves." Tellus, Vol. 34, No. 5, pp. 481-489 KUSABIRAKI, D., MUROTA, M., OHNO, S., YAMAGIWA, K., YASUDA, M., and OHKAWA, A. (1990). "Gas Entrainment Rate and Flow Pattern in a Plunging Liquid Jet Aeration System using Inclined Nozzles." Jl. of Chem. Eng. of Japan, Vol. 23, No. 6, pp. 704-710. LAALI, A.R. (1980). "Ventilated Flows, Study o Air Entrainment. Case of a Cavity between a Plane Jet and a Solid Boundary." Ph.D. thesis, University of Grenoble 1-INPG, Grenoble, France (in French). LIN, C., and HWUNG, H.H. (1992). "External and Internal Flow Fields of Plunging Breakers." Experiments in Fluids, 12, pp. 229-237. LONGUET-HIGGINS, M.S. (1988). "Mechanisms of Wave Breaking in Deep Water" in "See Surface Sound." Kluwer Academic Publishers, NATO ASI Series C, Vol. 238, B.R. Kerman editor, pp. 1-30. McKEOGH, E.J. (1978). "A Study of Air Entrainment using Plunging Water Jets." Ph.D. thesis, Queen's University of Belfast, UK, 374 pages. MELVILLE, W.K. (1982). "The Instability and Breaking of Deep Water Waves." Jl of Fluid Mech., Vol. 115, pp. 165-185. MELVILLE, W.K., and RAPP, R.F. (1985). "Momentum Flux in Breaking Waves." Nature, Vol. 317, pp. 514-516. MICHEL, J.M. (1984). "Some Features of Water Flows with Ventilated Cavities." Jl of Fluids Eng., Trans. ASME, Sept., Vol. 106, p.319. MILLER, R.L. (1976). "Role of Vortices in Surf Zone Prediction : Sedimentation and Wave Forces." Soc. Econ. Paleontol. Mineralog., Spec. Publ. No. 24 : 'Beach and Nearshore Sedimentation', pp. 92-114. VAN DE SANDE, E., and SMITH, J.M. (1973). "Surface Entrainment of Air by High Velocity Water Jets." Chem. Eng. Science, Vol. 28, pp. 1161-1168. VAN DE SANDE, E., and SMITH, J.M. (1976). "Jet Break-up and Air Entrainment by Low Velocity Turbulent Water Jets." Chem. Eng. Science, Vol. 31, pp. 219-224. WALLACE, D.W.R., and WIRICK, C.D. (1992). "Large Air-Sea Gas Fluxes associated with Breaking Waves." Nature, Vol. .356, 23 Apr., pp. 694-696.
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes CHANSON, H., and CUMMINGS, P.D. (1994). "Modelling Air Bubble Entrainment by Plunging Breakers." Proc. Intl Symp. : Waves - Physical and Numerical Modelling, IAHR, Vancouver, Canada, M. ISAACSON and M. QUICK Edit., Vol. 2, pp. 783-792 (ISBN 0-88865-364-6).

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Collection: School of Civil Engineering Publications
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Created: Tue, 18 Oct 2005, 10:00:00 EST by Hubert Chanson