Population models for marine reserve design: a retrospective and prospective synthesis

Gerber, Leah R., Botsford, Louis W., Hastings, Alan, Possingham, Hugh P., Gaines, Steven D., Palumbi, Stephen. R. and Andelman, Sandy (2003) Population models for marine reserve design: a retrospective and prospective synthesis. Ecological Applications, 13 sp1: S47-S64. doi:10.1890/1051-0761(2003)013[0047:PMFMRD]2.0.CO;2

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Author Gerber, Leah R.
Botsford, Louis W.
Hastings, Alan
Possingham, Hugh P.
Gaines, Steven D.
Palumbi, Stephen. R.
Andelman, Sandy
Title Population models for marine reserve design: a retrospective and prospective synthesis
Journal name Ecological Applications   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1051-0761
Publication date 2003-02-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1890/1051-0761(2003)013[0047:PMFMRD]2.0.CO;2
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 13
Issue sp1
Start page S47
End page S64
Total pages 18
Place of publication Washington, DC, United States
Publisher Ecological Society of America
Collection year 2003
Language eng
Abstract We synthesize results from existing models of marine reserves to identify key theoretical issues that appear to be well understood, as well as issues in need of further exploration. Models of marine reserves are relatively new in the scientific literature; 32 of the 34 theoretical papers we reviewed were published after 1990. These models have focused primarily on questions concerning fishery management at the expense of other objectives such as conservation, scientific understanding, recreation, education, and tourism. Roughly one-third of the models analyze effects on cohorts while the remaining models have some form of complete population dynamics. Few models explicitly include larval dispersal. In a fisheries context, the primary conclusion drawn by many of the complete population models is that reserves increase yield when populations would otherwise be overfished. A second conclusion, resulting primarily from single-cohort models, is that reserves will provide fewer benefits for species with greater adult rates of movement. Although some models are beginning to yield information on the spatial configurations of reserves required for populations with specific dispersal distances to persist, it remains an aspect of reserve design in need of further analysis. Other outstanding issues include the effects of (1) particular forms of density dependence, (2) multispecies interactions, (3) fisher behavior, and (4) effects of concentrated fishing on habitat. Model results indicate that marine reserves could play a beneficial role in the protection of marine systems against overfishing. Additional modeling and analysis will greatly improve prospects for a better understanding of the potential of marine reserves for conserving biodiversity.
Keyword reserve design
reserve selection
conservation planning
population modelling
density dependence
larval pool
marine protected area
population model
spatial harvest
yield per recruit
red-sea urchin
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes Copyright 2003 The Ecological Society of America.

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Created: Wed, 08 Feb 2006, 10:00:00 EST by Hugh P. Possingham on behalf of School of Biological Sciences