Understanding Isolation and Change in Island Human Populations through a study of Indigenous Cultural Patterns in the Gulf of Carpentaria

Memmott, P., Evans, N., Robins, R. I. and Lilley, I. (2006) Understanding Isolation and Change in Island Human Populations through a study of Indigenous Cultural Patterns in the Gulf of Carpentaria. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 130 1: 29-47.

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Author Memmott, P.
Evans, N.
Robins, R. I.
Lilley, I.
Title Understanding Isolation and Change in Island Human Populations through a study of Indigenous Cultural Patterns in the Gulf of Carpentaria
Journal name Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0372-1426
Publication date 2006
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 130
Issue 1
Start page 29
End page 47
Total pages 19
Editor Oliver May
Place of publication Adelaide, S.A.
Publisher Royal Society of South Australia
Collection year 2006
Language eng
Subject C1
379902 Aboriginal Studies
780107 Studies in human society
Abstract This paper presents a set of hypotheses to explain the cultural differences between Aboriginal people of the North and South Wellesley Islands, Gulf of Carpentaria and to characterise the relative degree and nature of their isolation and cultural change over a 10,000-year time-scale. This opportunity to study parallelisms and divergences in the cultural and demographic histories of fisher-hunter-gatherers arises from the comparison of three distinct cultural groupings: (a) the Ganggalida of the mainland, (b) the Lardil and Yangkaal of the North Wellesley Islands, and (c) the Kaiadilt of the South Wellesley Islands. Despite occupying similar island environments and despite their languages being as closely related as for example, the West Germanic languages, there are some major differences in cultural, economic and social organization as well as striking genetic differences between the North and South Wellesley populations. This paper synthesizes data from linguistics, anthropology, archaeology, genetics and environmental science to present hypotheses of how these intriguing differences were generated, and what we might learn about early processes of marine colonization and cultural change from the Wellesley situation.
Keyword Australian Aboriginal Prehistory
Comparative Anthropology
Cultural Change
Ganggalida
Island Archaeology
Island Populations
Kaiadilt
Lardil
Wellesley Islands
Yangkaal
Australian Aborigines
Forsyth Islands
Mornington
Bentinck
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 10:41:01 EST