Parthenium weed: a potential major weed for agro-ecosystems in Pakistan

Adkins, S. W. and Navie, S. C. (2006) Parthenium weed: a potential major weed for agro-ecosystems in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research, 12 1-2: 19-36.


Author Adkins, S. W.
Navie, S. C.
Title Parthenium weed: a potential major weed for agro-ecosystems in Pakistan
Journal name Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research
ISSN 1815-1094
ISBN *************
Publication date 2006
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 12
Issue 1-2
Start page 19
End page 36
Total pages 18
Editor K.B. Marwat
Place of publication Peshawar, Pakistan
Publisher Weed Science Society of Pakistan
Collection year 2006
Language eng
Subject C1
300204 Plant Protection (Pests, Diseases and Weeds)
620199 Field crops not elsewhere classified
Abstract Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) is a new and potentially major weed in Pakistan. This weed, originating from central America, is now a major weed in many regions of the world including Eastern Africa, India, parts of South East Asia and Australia. Presumably its recent arrival in Pakistan has been due to its movement from India, but this has yet to be established. In Australia it has been present for about 50 years, in which time it has spread from isolated infestations to establish core populations in central Queensland with scattered and isolated plants occurring south into New South Wales and north-west into the Northern Territory. Its spread in Pakistan is likely to be much more rapid, but lessons learnt in Australia will be of great value for weed managers in Pakistan. This annual herb has the potential to spread to all medium rainfall rangeland, dairy and summer cropping areas in Pakistan. In Australia its main effect is upon livestock production, but it is also causing health concerns in regional communities. However, in India it has also had a significant impact in cropping systems. To help coordinate actions on its management in Australia, a National Weeds Program has created a Parthenium Weed Management Group (PWMG) and under this group a Parthenium Weed Research Group (PWRG) has been formed. Funding coming from this national program and other sources has supported the PWRG to undertake a collaborative and technology exchange research program in two main areas: 1) biology and ecology and 2) management; while the PWMG has focused on community awareness and the production of various extension and management packages. Research in the area of biology and ecology has included studies on the evaluation of competitive plants to displace parthenium weed, the use of process-based simulation models to monitor and predict future spread and abundance under present and future climate conditions, the effect of the weed on human health and the ecology of its seed bank. Management research has focussed on the development of biological control approaches using plant-feeding insects and pathogens. The effectiveness of biological control is also being monitored through long term studies on seed bank size and dynamics. The use of fire as another potential management tool is also being evaluated. In addition to this important research, an effort has also been made to spread the most important findings and management outcomes to the wider community through an extension and education program driven by the PWMG. These developments within Australia, in parthenium weed management, will be of great help to P
Keyword Parthenium hysterophorus
biological control
biology
ecology
management
Parthenium Weed Research Group
seed banks
Q-Index Code C1

 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 10:39:47 EST