Are country and culture values interchangeable? A case example using occupational stress and coping

Sawang, Sukanlaya, Oei, Tian P. S. and Goh, Yong Wah (2006) Are country and culture values interchangeable? A case example using occupational stress and coping. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 6 2: 205-219.


Author Sawang, Sukanlaya
Oei, Tian P. S.
Goh, Yong Wah
Title Are country and culture values interchangeable? A case example using occupational stress and coping
Journal name International Journal of Cross Cultural Management   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1470-5958
Publication date 2006-08
DOI 10.1177/1470595806066330
Volume 6
Issue 2
Start page 205
End page 219
Total pages 15
Editor T. Jackson
Z. Aycan
Place of publication UK
Publisher Sage Publications
Collection year 2006
Language eng
Subject C1
380107 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
730211 Mental health
Abstract Cross cultural research in occupational stress and coping has produced a wealth of knowledge. Although advances have been made, there are still problems to be solved. One of these problems is the confusion generated in the literature by researchers claiming that nation or country represents cultural values, and the use of the two terms interchangeably. It remains unclear whether this practice is correct. The present article reported on this by using 511 full-time employees from Australia, Singapore and Sri Lanka to study occupational stress and coping. Results revealed that cultural value paradigms (i.e. Individualism–Collectivism) were distributed across the three nations such that over 60% of participants were either high or low in both I–C paradigms. The findings also indicated that the relationship between cultural value paradigm and country impacted on stress and coping differently. The study shows that significant differences exist within countries as well as between countries, such that any attempt to equate ‘culture’ with ‘country’ becomes problematic. Therefore these findings established that country or nation is not the same as culture values and cannot be used interchangeably.
Keyword collectivism
individualism
transactional model of coping
occupational stress
Q-Index Code C1

 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 10:27:13 EST