Canine bleeding disorders arise due to a multitude of conditions and require detailed clinical and laboratory investigation. A productive diagnostic approach depends on a thorough patient history, physical examination, haemostatic screening tests and an array of specific diagnostic tests. Patient history is necessary to assist determination of the onset, severity and possible aetiologies of a bleeding disorder. Similarly, a complete physical examination should ideally allow differentiation between disorders of primary and secondary haemostasis. Following this distinction, a variety of laboratory tests are indicated to further define the nature of the bleeding episode. These tests may be broadly categorised as screening tests of primary haemostasis, secondary haemostasis and fibrinolysis, and specific tests directed at identifying particular disorders. Appropriate utilisation of these tests and interpretation of their results in conjunction with patient signalment, history and clinical signs affords the greatest chance of a successful diagnosis.