Characterization of the transcriptional and functional effects of fibroblast growth factor-1 on human preadipocyte differentiation

Newell, Felicity S., Su, Hua, Tornqvist, Hans, Whitehead, Jonathan P., Prins, Johannes B. and Hutley, Louise J. (2006) Characterization of the transcriptional and functional effects of fibroblast growth factor-1 on human preadipocyte differentiation. The FASEB Journal, 20 14: 2615-2617. doi:10.1096/fj.05-5710fje


Author Newell, Felicity S.
Su, Hua
Tornqvist, Hans
Whitehead, Jonathan P.
Prins, Johannes B.
Hutley, Louise J.
Title Characterization of the transcriptional and functional effects of fibroblast growth factor-1 on human preadipocyte differentiation
Journal name The FASEB Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0892-6638
Publication date 2006-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1096/fj.05-5710fje
Volume 20
Issue 14
Start page 2615
End page 2617
Total pages 3
Editor V. T. Marchesi
Place of publication Bethesda, MD, United States
Publisher Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Collection year 2006
Language eng
Subject C1
321004 Endocrinology
730105 Endocrine organs and diseases (incl. diabetes)
Abstract We recently established that fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-1 promotes adipogenesis of primary human preadipocytes (phPA). In the current report, we have characterized the adipogenic effects of FGF-1 in phPA and also in a human PA strain derived from an individual with Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (SGBS PA), which exhibit an intrinsic capacity to differentiate with high efficiency. In further studies, we compared these models with the well-characterized murine 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cell line (3T3-L1 PA). FGF-1 up-regulated the adipogenic program in phPA, with increased expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma in confluent PA prior to induction of differentiation and increased expression of adipocyte markers during differentiation. Moreover, phPA differentiated in the presence of FGF-1 were more insulin responsive and secreted increased levels of adiponectin. FGF-1 treatment of SGBS PA further enhanced differentiation. For the most part, the adipogenic program in phPA paralleled that observed in 3T3-L1 PA; however, we found no evidence of mitotic clonal expansion in the phPA. Finally, we investigated a role for extracellular regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK 1/2) in adipogenesis of phPA. FGF-1 induced robust phosphorylation of ERK1/2 in early differentiation and inhibition of ERK1/2 activity significantly reduced phPA differentiation. These data suggest that FGF-1 treated phPA represent a valuable in vitro model for the study of adipogenesis and insulin action and indicate that ERK1/2 activation is necessary for human adipogenesis in the absence of mitotic clonal expansion.
Keyword Obesity
Adipogenesis
Mitosis
Cell biology
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 10:00:36 EST