A comparison of picture description abilities in individuals with vascular subcortical lesions and Huntington's Disease

Jensen, A. M., Chenery, H. J. and Copland, D. A. (2006) A comparison of picture description abilities in individuals with vascular subcortical lesions and Huntington's Disease. Journal of Communication Disorders, 39 1: 62-77.


Author Jensen, A. M.
Chenery, H. J.
Copland, D. A.
Title A comparison of picture description abilities in individuals with vascular subcortical lesions and Huntington's Disease
Journal name Journal of Communication Disorders   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0021-9924
Publication date 2006
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jcomdis.2005.07.001
Volume 39
Issue 1
Start page 62
End page 77
Total pages 16
Editor T. Glattke
Place of publication New York
Publisher Elsevier Science Inc
Collection year 2006
Language eng
Subject C1
380302 Linguistic Processes (incl. Speech Production and Comprehension)
730111 Hearing, vision, speech and their disorders
Abstract The lexical-semantic and syntactic abilities of a group of individuals with chronic nonthalamic subcortical (NS) lesions following stroke (n = 6) were investigated using the Western Aphasia Battery (WAB) picture description task [Kertesz, A. (1982). The Western aphasia battery. New York: Grune and Stratton] and compared with those of a group of subjects with Huntington's Disease (HD) (n = 6) and a nonneurologically impaired control group (n = 6) matched for age, sex, and educational level. The performance of the NS and HD subjects did not differ significantly from the well controls on measures of lexical-semantic abilities. NS and HD subjects provided as much information about the target picture as control subjects, but produced fewer action information units. Analysis of syntactic abilities revealed that the HD subjects produced significantly more grammatical errors than both the NS and control subjects and that the NS group performed in a similar manner to control subjects. These findings are considered in terms of current theories of subcortical language function Learning outcomes: As a result of this activity, the reader will obtain information about the debate surrounding the role of subcortical language mechanisms and be provided with new information on the comparative picture description abilities of individuals with known vascular and degenerative subcortical pathologies and healthy control participants. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keyword Rehabilitation
Language Functions
Left-hemisphere
Basal Ganglia
Aphasia
Alzheimers
Infarction
Dementia
Deficits
Linguistics
Q-Index Code C1

 
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