Prevalence of injecting drug use and associated risk behavior among regular ecstasy users in Australia

White, B., Day, C., Degenhardt, L., Kinner, S., Fry, C., Bruno, R. and Johnston, J. (2006) Prevalence of injecting drug use and associated risk behavior among regular ecstasy users in Australia. Drug And Alcohol Dependence, 83 3: 210-217. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2005.11.014

Author White, B.
Day, C.
Degenhardt, L.
Kinner, S.
Fry, C.
Bruno, R.
Johnston, J.
Title Prevalence of injecting drug use and associated risk behavior among regular ecstasy users in Australia
Journal name Drug And Alcohol Dependence   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0376-8716
Publication date 2006
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2005.11.014
Volume 83
Issue 3
Start page 210
End page 217
Total pages 8
Place of publication Shannon
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2006
Language eng
Subject C1
321202 Epidemiology
730205 Substance abuse
1117 Public Health and Health Services
Abstract Background: The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of injecting drug use and associated risk behaviour among a sentinel sample of ecstasy users. Methods: Cross-sectional surveys were conducted with regular ecstasy users as part of an annual monitoring study of ecstasy and related drug markets in all Australian capital cities. Results: Twenty-three percent of the sample reported having ever injected a drug and 15% reported injecting in the 6 months preceding interview. Independent predictors of lifetime injection were older age, unemployment and having ever been in prison. Completion of secondary school and identifying as heterosexual was associated with a lower likelihood of having ever injected. Participants who had recently injected typically did so infrequently; only 9% reported daily injecting. Methamphetamine was the most commonly injected drug. Prevalence of needle sharing was low (6%), although half (47%) reported sharing other injecting equipment in the preceding 6 months. Conclusions: Ecstasy users who report having injected a drug at some time appear to be demographically different to ecstasy users who have not injected although neither are they typical of other drug injectors. The current investigation suggests that ongoing monitoring of injecting among regular ecstasy users is warranted. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keyword Ecstasy
Injecting Drug Use
Injecting Risk Behaviour
Hepatitis C
Substance Abuse
Hepatitis-c Virus
Young Injection
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
2007 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Medicine Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 9 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 10 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 09:06:45 EST