Palm kernel meal in broiler diets: effect on chicken performance and health

Sundu, B., Kumar, A. and Dingle, J. (2006) Palm kernel meal in broiler diets: effect on chicken performance and health. Worlds Poultry Science Journal, 62 2: 316-325. doi:10.1079/WPS2005100

Author Sundu, B.
Kumar, A.
Dingle, J.
Title Palm kernel meal in broiler diets: effect on chicken performance and health
Journal name Worlds Poultry Science Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0043-9339
Publication date 2006
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1079/WPS2005100
Volume 62
Issue 2
Start page 316
End page 325
Total pages 10
Editor D. Martin
Place of publication Wallingford
Publisher Cabi Publishing
Collection year 2006
Language eng
Subject C1
630106 Poultry
300403 Animal Nutrition
Abstract An increase in the production of palm kernel meal (PKM) coupled with the concern for continued availability of conventional feedstuffs in some parts of the world has led to research to establish the maximum inclusion level of palm kernel meal in broiler diets. The results suggested that palm kernel meal has no anti-nutritional properties and thus its inclusion is safe up to at least 40% in the diet, provided the diet is balanced in amino acids and metabolisable energy. Although feed digestibility is decreased due to high dietary fibre when PKM is included in the diet, the feed intake is increased. This makes total digestible nutrient intake relatively high. beta-mannan is the main component of palm kernel meal non-starch polysaccharide (NSP). Both mannose and manno-oligosaccharides have been reported to act as prebiotics. The inclusion of palm kernel meal in the diet improves the immune system of birds and reduces pathogenic bacteria and increases the population of nonpathogenic bacteria in the intestine. These two benefits should be considered as strong recommendations for using palm kernel meal in broiler diets, particularly in palm kernel meal producing countries, not only for increasing bird productivity but also to improve chicken health. Selective enzyme addition increases feed efficiency and digestibility as well as decreasing the moisture content of faeces.
Keyword Palm Kernel Meal
Broiler Chickens And Health Status
Agriculture, Dairy & Animal Science
Salmonella-enteritidis Colonization
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2007 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 23 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 09:04:29 EST