Genetic variation of individual alpha frequency (IAF) and alpha power in a large adolescent twin sample

Smit, Christine M., Wright, Margaret J., Hansell, Narelle K., Geffen, Gina M. and Martin, Nicholas G. (2006) Genetic variation of individual alpha frequency (IAF) and alpha power in a large adolescent twin sample. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 61 2: 235-243. doi:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2005.10.004


Author Smit, Christine M.
Wright, Margaret J.
Hansell, Narelle K.
Geffen, Gina M.
Martin, Nicholas G.
Title Genetic variation of individual alpha frequency (IAF) and alpha power in a large adolescent twin sample
Journal name International Journal of Psychophysiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0167-8760
1872-7697
Publication date 2006-08
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2005.10.004
Volume 61
Issue 2
Start page 235
End page 243
Total pages 9
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2006
Language eng
Subject C1
389999 Other Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences
730299 Public health not elsewhere classified
1117 Public Health and Health Services
Formatted abstract
To further clarify the mode of genetic transmission on individual alpha frequency (IAF) and alpha power, the extent to which individual differences in these alpha indices are influenced by genetic factors were examined in a large sample of adolescent twins (237 MZ, 282 DZ pairs; aged 16). EEG was measured at rest (eyes closed) from the right occipital site, and a second EEG recording for 50 twin pairs obtained approximately 3 months after the initial collection, enabled an estimation of measurement error. Analyses confirmed a strong genetic influence on both IAF (h2 = 0.81) and alpha power (h2 = 0.82), and there was little support for non-additive genetic (dominance) variance. A small but significant negative correlation (- 0.18) was found between IAF and alpha power, but genetic influences on IAF and alpha power were largely independent. All non-genetic variance was due to unreliability, with no significant variance attributed to unique environmental factors. Relationships between the alpha and IQ indices were also explored but were generally either non-significant or very low. The findings confirm the high heritability for both IAF and alpha power, they further suggest that the mode of genetic transmission is due to additive genetic factors, that genetic influences on the underlying neural mechanisms of alpha frequency and power are largely specific, and that individual differences in alpha activity are influenced little by developmental plasticity and individual experiences.
© 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keyword Eeg
Alpha rhythm
Iaf
Alpha power
Heritability
Twin study
Neurosciences
Physiology
Psychology
Psychology, biological
Psychology, experimental
Eeg-alpha
Human electroencephalogram
Memory processes
Synchronization
Brain
Time
Iq
Intelligence
Oscillations
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 08:47:34 EST