Dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome - a review of epidemiologic evidence

Baxter, Amanda J., Coyne, Terry and McClintock, Christine (2006) Dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome - a review of epidemiologic evidence. Asia Pacific Journal Of Clinical Nutrition, 15 2: 134-142.

Author Baxter, Amanda J.
Coyne, Terry
McClintock, Christine
Title Dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome - a review of epidemiologic evidence
Journal name Asia Pacific Journal Of Clinical Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0964-7058
Publication date 2006-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 15
Issue 2
Start page 134
End page 142
Total pages 9
Place of publication Clayton, Vic., Australia
Publisher Blackwell Science Asia
Collection year 2006
Language eng
Subject CX
1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
Abstract Metabolic syndrome is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes, and appears to be widely prevalent in both developed and developing countries. While lifestyle modification is recommended for management of the syndrome, the dietary pattern most beneficial for patients is yet to be ascertained. Original research papers from the Medline database were examined for dietary patterns that may be associated with the syndrome. Three large-scale epidemiological studies were found fitting our criteria. Dietary patterns high in fruit and vegetable content were generally found to be associated with lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Diet patterns with high meat intake were frequently associated with components of metabolic syndrome, particularly impaired glucose tolerance. High dairy intake was generally associated with reduced risk for components of metabolic syndrome with some inconsistency in the literature regarding risk of obesity. Minimally processed cereals appeared to be associated with decreased risk of metabolic syndrome, while highly processed cereals with high glycaemic index are associated with higher risk. Fried foods were noticeably absent from any dietary pattern associated with decreased prevalence of metabolic syndrome. The conclusion of this review is that no individual dietary component could be considered wholly responsible for the association of diet with metabolic syndrome. Rather it is the overall quality of the diet that appears to offer protection against lifestyle disease such as metabolic syndrome. Further research is required into conditions, such as overweight and obesity, which may influence the effect of diet on the development of metabolic syndrome.
Keyword Metabolic syndrome
X syndrome
Dietary patterns
Coronary heart disease
Type 2 diabetes
Q-Index Code CX

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 08:37:24 EST