Differential exposure and reactivity to interpersonal stress predict sex differences in adolescent depression

Shih, Josephine H., Eberhart, Nicole K., Hammen, Constance L. and Brennan, Patricia A. (2006) Differential exposure and reactivity to interpersonal stress predict sex differences in adolescent depression. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 35 1: 103-115. doi:10.1207/s15374424jccp3501_9

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Author Shih, Josephine H.
Eberhart, Nicole K.
Hammen, Constance L.
Brennan, Patricia A.
Title Differential exposure and reactivity to interpersonal stress predict sex differences in adolescent depression
Journal name Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1537-4416
1537-4424
Publication date 2006-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1207/s15374424jccp3501_9
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 35
Issue 1
Start page 103
End page 115
Total pages 13
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Routledge
Subject 321204 Mental Health
Abstract This study tested the hypothesis that higher rates of depression in adolescent girls are explained by their greater exposure and reactivity to stress in the interpersonal domain in a large sample of 15-year-olds. Findings indicate that adolescent girls experienced higher levels of total and interpersonal episodic stress, whereas boys experienced higher levels of chronic stress (academic and close friendship domains). Higher rates of depression in girls were explained by their greater exposure to total stress, particularly interpersonal episodic stress. Adolescent girls were also more reactive (more likely to become depressed) to both total and interpersonal episodic stress. The findings suggest that girls experience higher levels of episodic stress and are more reactive to these stressors, increasing their likelihood of becoming depressed compared to boys. Results were discussed in terms of girls' greater interpersonal focus and implications for understanding sex differences in depression.
Keyword Adolescent girls
Adolescence
Depression
Stress
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes This is an author version of an article originally published Josephine H. Shih, Nicole K. Eberhart, Constance L. Hammen, Patricia A. Brennan (2006) Differential Exposure and Reactivity to Interpersonal Stress Predict Sex Differences in Adolescent Depression, Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology 35 (1) : 103-115. doi:10.1207/s15374424jccp3501_9 Copyright 2006 Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. All rights reserved. Single copies only may be downloaded for a reader's personal research and study. Any other use is fobidden without express permission of the publisher, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates (http://www.leaonline.com/).

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 17 Oct 2006, 10:00:00 EST by Jeann Wong on behalf of School of Public Health