Analytical solutions of laminar and turbulent dam break wave

Chanson, Hubert (2006). Analytical solutions of laminar and turbulent dam break wave. In: R. M. L. Ferreira, E. C. T. L. Alves, J. G. A. B. Leal and A. H. Cardoso, River Flow 2006 : Proceedings of the International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics. International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics River Flow 2006, Lisbon, Portugal, (465-474). 6-8 September 2006.

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Author Chanson, Hubert
Title of paper Analytical solutions of laminar and turbulent dam break wave
Conference name International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics River Flow 2006
Conference location Lisbon, Portugal
Conference dates 6-8 September 2006
Proceedings title River Flow 2006 : Proceedings of the International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
Journal name River Flow 2006, Vols 1 and 2
Place of Publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Publication Year 2006
Sub-type Fully published paper
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
ISBN 9780415408158
Editor R. M. L. Ferreira
E. C. T. L. Alves
J. G. A. B. Leal
A. H. Cardoso
Volume 1
Start page 465
End page 474
Total pages 10
Collection year 2006
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Modern predictions of dam break wave rely often on numerical predictions validated with limited data sets. Basic theoretical studies were rare during the past decades. Herein simple solutions of the dam break wave are developed using the Saint-Venant equations for an instantaneous dam break with a semi-infinite reservoir in a wide rectangular channel initially dry. New analytical equations are obtained for both turbulent flow and laminar flow motion on horizontal and sloping inverts with non-constant friction factor. The results are validated by successful comparisons between theoretical results and several experimental data sets. The theoretical developments yield simple explicit analytical expressions of the dam break wave with flow resis-tance. The results compare well with experimental data and more advanced theoretical solutions. The devel-opments are simple, yielding nice pedagogical applications of the method of characteristics for horizontal and sloping channels. These analytical solutions may be used to validate numerical solutions, while the simplicity of the equations allows some extension to more complex fluid flows (e.g. non-Newtonian fluids).
Subjects 291205 Ocean Engineering
260500 Hydrology
240500 Classical Physics
291199 Environmental Engineering not elsewhere classified
290800 Civil Engineering
260502 Surfacewater Hydrology
240502 Fluid Physics
291100 Environmental Engineering
290000 Engineering and Technology
291899 Interdisciplinary Engineering not elsewhere classified
291800 Interdisciplinary Engineering
300100 Soil and Water Sciences
290802 Water and Sanitary Engineering
300105 Applied Hydrology (Drainage, Flooding, Irrigation, Quality, etc.)
770400 Coastal and Estuarine Environment
Keyword Dam break wave
Analytical solutions
Turbulent flows
Laminar flows
Horizontal channel
Sloping channels
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Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes The full bibliographic details are : CHANSON, H. (2006). "Analytical Solutions of Laminar and Turbulent Dam Break Wave." Proc. International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics River Flow 2006, Lisbon, Portugal, 6-8 Sept., Topic A3, R.M.L. FERREIRA, E.C.T.L. ALVES, J.G.A.B. LEAL, and A.H. CARDOSO Eds., Balkema Publ., Taylor & Francis Group, London, Vol. 1, pp. 465-474 (ISBN 0 415 40815 6).

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Created: Wed, 13 Sep 2006, 10:00:00 EST by Hubert Chanson on behalf of School of Engineering