Co-opting conservation: Migrant resource control and access to national park management in the Philippine uplands

Dressler, W. H. (2006) Co-opting conservation: Migrant resource control and access to national park management in the Philippine uplands. Development and Change, 37 2: 401-426.

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Author Dressler, W. H.
Title Co-opting conservation: Migrant resource control and access to national park management in the Philippine uplands
Journal name Development and Change   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0012-155X
1467-7660
Publication date 2006-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.0012-155X.2006.00483.x
Volume 37
Issue 2
Start page 401
End page 426
Total pages 26
Editor Saith, A.
White, B.
Place of publication Oxford
Publisher John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Collection year 2006
Language eng
Subject C1
370302 Social and Cultural Anthropology
779902 Land and water management
050209 Natural Resource Management
Abstract The history of political and economic inequality in forest villages can shape how and why resource use conflicts arise during the evolution of national parks management. In the Philippine uplands, indigenous peoples and migrant settlers co-exist, compete over land and forest resources, and shape how managers preserve forests through national parks. This article examines how migrants have claimed lands and changed production and exchange relations among the indigenous Tagbanua to build on and benefit from otherwise coercive park management on Palawan Island, the Philippines. Migrant control over productive resources has influenced who, within each group, could sustain agriculture in the face of the state's dominant conservation narrative - valorizing migrant paddy rice and criminalizing Tagbanua swiddens. Upon settling, migrant farmers used new political and economic strengths to tap into provincial political networks in order to be hired at a national park. As a result, they were able to steer management to support paddy rice at the expense of swidden cultivation. While state conservation policy shapes how national parks impact upon local resource access and use, older political economic inequalities in forest villages build on such policies to influence how management affects the livelihoods of poor households.
Keyword Planning & Development
Q-Index Code C1
Additional Notes The paper is one of the first to use an ethnographic approach to document how local political and economic conditions play a role in shaping provincial and national level park management policy in the Philippines. It offers a detailed account of how local politics and trade relations shape the enforcement and monitoring of park management along the lines of ethnicity and class - the capstones of environmental racism. The journal is second in the field of development studies and rated consistently high in the ISI index

 
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