Fear of crime in Brisbane - Individual, social and neighbourhood factors in perspective

McCrea, R. P., Shyy, T., Western, J. S. and Stimson, R. J. (2005) Fear of crime in Brisbane - Individual, social and neighbourhood factors in perspective. Journal of Sociology, 41 1: 7-27. doi:10.1177/1440783305048381

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Author McCrea, R. P.
Shyy, T.
Western, J. S.
Stimson, R. J.
Title Fear of crime in Brisbane - Individual, social and neighbourhood factors in perspective
Journal name Journal of Sociology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1440-7833
Publication date 2005
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/1440783305048381
Volume 41
Issue 1
Start page 7
End page 27
Total pages 21
Editor Martin Bill
Anleu Sharyn
Maria Zadoroznyj
Place of publication London
Publisher SAGE Publications
Collection year 2005
Language eng
Subject C1
370104 Urban Sociology and Community Studies
780107 Studies in human society
1608 Sociology
Abstract Numerous theories apply to fear of crime and each are associated with different kinds of variables. Most studies use only one theory, though this study examines the relative importance of different kinds of variables across a number of theories. The study uses data from a survey of residents in Brisbane, Australia to examine the relative importance of individual attributes, neighbourhood disorder, social processes and neighbourhood structure in predicting fear of crime. Individual attributes and neighbourhood disorder were found to be important predictors of fear of crime, while social processes and neighbourhood structure were found to be far less important. The theoretical implications are that the vulnerability hypothesis and the incivilities thesis are most appropriate for investigating fear of crime, though social disorganization theory does provide conceptual support for the incivilities thesis. Although social processes are less important in predicting fear of crime than neighbourhood incivilities, they are still integrally related to fear of crime: they explain how incivilities arise, they buffer against fear of crime, and they are affected by fear of crime.
Keyword Fear Of Crime
Neighbourhood Disorder
Neighbourhood Structure
Social Disorganization
Disorganization Theory
Collective Efficacy
Community Structure
Sexual Assault
Q-Index Code C1

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 07:43:53 EST