The clinical effectiveness of a multisensory therapy on clients with developmental disability

Chan, Sally, Yuen Fung, Maggie, Wai Tong, Chien and Thompson, David (2005) The clinical effectiveness of a multisensory therapy on clients with developmental disability. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 26 2: 131-142. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2004.02.002

Author Chan, Sally
Yuen Fung, Maggie
Wai Tong, Chien
Thompson, David
Title The clinical effectiveness of a multisensory therapy on clients with developmental disability
Journal name Research in Developmental Disabilities   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0891-4222
Publication date 2005-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ridd.2004.02.002
Volume 26
Issue 2
Start page 131
End page 142
Total pages 12
Editor J.L. Matson
Place of publication New York ; Oxford
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2005
Language eng
Subject C1
1110 Nursing
Abstract Many clients in Hong Kong with developmental disabilities stay in mental hospitals because of mental disorders and behavioural problems. There is a need to identify strategies that promote psychological well-being and reduce problem behaviours in this group of clients. This study evaluates the impact of multisensory therapy on participants’ emotional state, level of relaxation, challenging behaviour, stereotypic self-stimulating behaviour (SSB) and adaptive behaviour (AB). Using an experimental design, 89 participants were recruited from a developmental disability unit in a hospital in Hong Kong and randomly assigned to either an experimental (n = 48) or a control group (n = 41). Multisensory therapy sessions (n = 36) were conducted with experimental group and activity sessions (n = 36) were conducted with controls for 12 weeks. Multisensory therapy promoted participants’ positive emotions and relaxation. However, there was no evidence that multisensory therapy was superior to activity therapy in reducing aggressive behaviour and stereotypic self-stimulating behaviour or promoting adaptive behaviour. The key variables that influence clients’ behaviours in the multisensory therapy may be related to the relationship with the carer, constant environment, relaxation and freedom from demands rather than sensory input. Multisensory therapy could be used to provide leisure and promote psychological well-being, rather than for reducing problem behaviour.
Keyword Developmental disability
Multisensory environment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 07:41:18 EST