Role of smoking in global and regional cardiovascular mortality

Ezzati, M., Henley, S. J., Thun, M. J. and Lopez, A. D. (2005) Role of smoking in global and regional cardiovascular mortality. Circulation, 112 4: 489-97. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.104.521708


Author Ezzati, M.
Henley, S. J.
Thun, M. J.
Lopez, A. D.
Title Role of smoking in global and regional cardiovascular mortality
Journal name Circulation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0009-7322
Publication date 2005-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.104.521708
Volume 112
Issue 4
Start page 489
End page 97
Total pages 9
Editor J.. Loscalzo
Place of publication USA
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Collection year 2005
Language eng
Subject C1
321202 Epidemiology
730219 Behaviour and health
1103 Clinical Sciences
Abstract Background - Smoking is a major cause of cardiovascular disease mortality. There is little information on how it contributes to global and regional cause-specific mortality from cardiovascular diseases for which background risk varies because of other risks. Method and Results - We used data from the American Cancer Society's Cancer Prevention Study II (CPS II) and the World Health Organization Global Burden of Disease mortality database to estimate smoking-attributable deaths from ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and a cluster of other cardiovascular diseases for 14 epidemiological subregions of the world by age and sex. We used lung cancer mortality as an indirect marker for accumulated smoking hazard. CPS-II hazards were adjusted for important covariates. In the year 2000, an estimated 1.62 (95% CI, 1.27 to 2.04) million cardiovascular deaths in the world, 11% of total global cardiovascular deaths, were due to smoking. Of these, 1.17 million deaths were among men and 450 000 among women. There were 670 000 (95% CI, 440 000 to 920 000) smoking-attributable cardiovascular deaths in the developing world and 960 000 (95% CI, 770 000 to 1 200 000) in industrialized regions. Ischemic heart disease accounted for 54% of smoking-attributable cardiovascular mortality, followed by cerebrovascular disease (25%). There was variability across regions in the role of smoking as a cause of various cardiovascular diseases. Conclusions - More than 1 in every 10 cardiovascular deaths in the world in the year 2000 were attributable to smoking, demonstrating that it is an important preventable cause of cardiovascular mortality.
Keyword Cardiovascular Diseases
Health
Mortality
Risk Factors
Smoking
Environmental Tobacco-smoke
Major Risk-factors
Heart-disease
Cigarette-smoking
Passive Smoking
Part Ii
Burden
Countries
Exposure
Deaths
Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems
Hematology
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Q-Index Code C1

 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 17:39:40 EST