Evaluation of the sustainability of water withdrawals in the United States, 1995 to 2025

Roy, SB, Ricci, PF, Summers, KV, Chung, CF and Goldstein, RA (2005) Evaluation of the sustainability of water withdrawals in the United States, 1995 to 2025. Journal of The American Water Resources Association, 41 5: 1091-1108. doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.2005.tb03787.x


Author Roy, SB
Ricci, PF
Summers, KV
Chung, CF
Goldstein, RA
Title Evaluation of the sustainability of water withdrawals in the United States, 1995 to 2025
Journal name Journal of The American Water Resources Association   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1093-474X
Publication date 2005-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2005.tb03787.x
Volume 41
Issue 5
Start page 1091
End page 1108
Total pages 18
Place of publication MID, USA
Publisher Amer Water Resources Assoc
Collection year 2005
Language eng
Subject C1
321299 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
730210 Environmental health
Abstract To evaluate the long term sustainability of water withdrawals in the United States, a county level analysis of the availability of renewable water resources was conducted, and the magnitudes of human withdrawals from surface water and ground water sources and the stored water requirements during the warmest months of the year were evaluated. Estimates of growth in population and electricity generation were then used to estimate the change in withdrawals assuming that the rates of water use either remain at their current levels (the business as usual scenario) or that they exhibit improvements in efficiency at the same rate as observed over 1975 to 1995 (the improved efficiency scenario). The estimates show several areas, notably the Southwest and major metropolitan areas throughout the United States, as being likely to have significant new storage requirements with the business-as-usual scenario, under the condition of average water availability. These new requirements could be substantially eliminated under the improved efficiency scenario, thus indicating the importance of water use efficiency in meeting future requirements. The national assessment identified regions of potential water sustainability concern; these regions can be the subject of more targeted data collection and analyses in the future.
Keyword Engineering, Environmental
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Water Resources
Water Use
Precipitation
Thermoelectric Generation
Water Storage
Future Water Demand
Water Use Efficiency
Climate-change
Vulnerability
Resources
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2006 Higher Education Research Data Collection
National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 17:01:38 EST