Attributions and goal orientations in masters athletes: performance versus outcome

Hanrahan, Stephanie J. and Gross, John B. (2005) Attributions and goal orientations in masters athletes: performance versus outcome. Revista de Psicologia del Deporte, 14 1: 43-56.

Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your UQ eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
UQ76666OA.pdf Full text (open access) application/pdf 74.87KB 50
Author Hanrahan, Stephanie J.
Gross, John B.
Title Attributions and goal orientations in masters athletes: performance versus outcome
Translated title MotivaciĆ³n a la Tarea y al Ego, perfiles atribucionales, rendimiento, resultados
Language of Title spa
Journal name Revista de Psicologia del Deporte   Check publisher's open access policy
Language of Journal Name spa
ISSN 1132-239X
Publication date 2005
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 14
Issue 1
Start page 43
End page 56
Total pages 14
Editor A. Gardia-Mas
Place of publication Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Publisher Servei de Publicacions i Intercanvi Cientific, Universitat de les Illes Balears
Language spa
Subject C1
321404 Sport and Exercise Psychology
780108 Behavioural and cognitive sciences
750203 Organised sports
Formatted abstract
Swimmers (N = 111) and track and field athletes (N = 77) participating in the Australian Masters Games completed the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire prior to their main event. Within 30 minutes of the event they rated and provided attributions for that performance. At the end of the day, when they were notified of their placing within the event, the athletes rated and provided attributions for their outcome. Participants rated their performances as more successful than their outcomes. Performances were perceived to be due to more internal and intentional causes than were outcomes. Task orientation predicted some of the attribution scores. The responses to the open ended question about the single most likely cause of their performance or outcome were qualitatively analyzed. Athletes high in task orientation and low in ego orientation tended to attribute performance to technique. Individuals who were low in both goal orientations showed signs of apathy, with little attempt made to explain the causes of performances and outcomes. Results support the practice of focusing on performance rather than outcome.

En este estudio, 111 nadadores y 77 atletas que participaban en los Australian Master Games se evaluaron mediante el Cuestionario de Orientación a la Tarea y al Ego en el Deporte (TEOSQ) antes de su participación más importante. Dentro de los 30 mintos previos a la prueba, se les administró a los atletas el test y se les evaluaron sus atribuciones acerca de su rendimiento. Los participantes puntuaron su rendimiento más exitoso que los resultados de la prueba. Los atletas percibieron su rendimiento como más debido a causas internas e intencionales que los resultados. La orientación a la tarea predecía algunas de las puntuaciones de las atribuciones. Las respuestas al cuestionario formado por preguntas abiertas acerca de la causa más importante de su rendimiento o de su resultado se analizaron cualitativamente. Los atletas que puntuaban alto en la orientación a la tarea y bajo en la orientación al ego tendían a atribuir el rendimiento a su técnica. En cambio, las personas que puntuaban bajo en ambas orientaciones de meta mostraban signos de apatía, y llevaban a cabo pocos intentos de explicar las causas de su rendimiento o de sus resultados. Los resultados hallados apoyan la estrategia de focalización en el rendimiento más que en los resultados.
Keyword Task and ego orientation
Attributional profiles
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Version Filter Type
Citation counts: Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 06:36:42 EST