Community-based programmes to prevent falls in children: A systematic review

McClure, R, Nixon, J, Spinks, A and Turner, C (2005) Community-based programmes to prevent falls in children: A systematic review. Journal of Paediatrics And Child Health, 41 9-10: 465-470. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1754.2005.00685.x

Author McClure, R
Nixon, J
Spinks, A
Turner, C
Title Community-based programmes to prevent falls in children: A systematic review
Journal name Journal of Paediatrics And Child Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1034-4810
Publication date 2005
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2005.00685.x
Volume 41
Issue 9-10
Start page 465
End page 470
Total pages 6
Editor F. Oberklaid
Place of publication Carlton South, Australia
Publisher Blackwell Publishing Asia
Collection year 2005
Language eng
Subject C1
321210 Community Child Health
730220 Injury control
Abstract Objective: We systematically reviewed the literature to examine the evidence for the effectiveness of community-based interventions to reduce fall-related injury in children aged 0-16 years. Methods: We performed a comprehensive search of the literature using the following study selection criteria: community-based intervention study; target population was children aged 0-16 years; outcome measure was fall-related injury rates; and either a community control or historical control was used in the study design. Quality assessment and data abstraction were guided by a standardized procedure and performed independently by two authors. Results: Only six studies fitting the inclusion criteria were identified in our search and only two of these used a trial design with a contemporary community control. Neither of the high quality evaluation studies showed an effect from the intervention and while authors of the remaining studies reported effective falls prevention programmes, the pre- and post-intervention design, uncontrolled for background secular trends, makes causal inferences from these studies difficult. Conclusion: There is a paucity of research studies from which evidence regarding the effectiveness of community-based intervention programmes for the prevention of fall-related injury in children could be based.
Keyword Pediatrics
Community-based Intervention
Programme Evaluation
Q-Index Code C1
Additional Notes This document is a journal review.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
2006 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
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