Tooth wear: diet analysis and advice

Young, W. G. (2005) Tooth wear: diet analysis and advice. International Dental Journal, 55 2: 68-72.

Author Young, W. G.
Title Tooth wear: diet analysis and advice
Journal name International Dental Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0020-6539
Publication date 2005
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 55
Issue 2
Start page 68
End page 72
Total pages 5
Place of publication France
Publisher FDI World Dental Press
Collection year 2005
Language eng
Subject C1
320899 Dentistry not elsewhere classified
730112 Oro-dental and disorders
1105 Dentistry
Abstract Diet analysis and advice for patients with tooth wear is potentially the most logical intervention to arrest attrition, erosion and abrasion. It is saliva that protects the teeth against corrosion by the acids which soften enamel and make it susceptible to wear. Thus the lifestyles and diet of patients at risk need to be analysed for sources of acid and reasons for lost salivary protection. Medical conditions which put patients at risk of tooth wear are principally: asthma, bulimia nervosa, caffeine addiction, diabetes mellitus, exercise dehydration, functional depression, gastroesophageal reflux in alcoholism, hypertension and syndromes with salivary hypofunction. The sources of acid are various, but loss of salivary protection is the common theme. In healthy young Australians, soft drinks are the main source of acid, and exercise dehydration the main reason for loss of salivary protection. In the medically compromised, diet acids and gastroesophageal reflux are the sources, but medications are the main reasons for lost salivary protection. Diet advice for patients with tooth wear must: promote a healthy lifestyle and diet strategy that conserves the teeth by natural means of salivary stimulation; and address the specific needs of the patients' oral and medical conditions. Individualised, patient-empowering erosion WATCH strategies; on Water, Acid, Taste, Calcium and Health, are urgently required to combat the emerging epidemic of tooth wear currently being experienced in westernised societies.
Keyword Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine
Tooth Wear
Gastroesophageal-reflux Disease
Dental Erosion
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2006 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Dentistry Publications
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 06:13:53 EST