Monensin supplementation of lactating cows fed tropical grasses and cane molasses or grain

Granzin, B. C. and Dryden, G. McL. (2005) Monensin supplementation of lactating cows fed tropical grasses and cane molasses or grain. Animal Feed Science And Technology, 120 1-2: 1-16. doi:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2005.01.009

Author Granzin, B. C.
Dryden, G. McL.
Title Monensin supplementation of lactating cows fed tropical grasses and cane molasses or grain
Journal name Animal Feed Science And Technology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0377-8401
Publication date 2005
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2005.01.009
Volume 120
Issue 1-2
Start page 1
End page 16
Total pages 16
Editor P. H. Robinson
P. Uden
W. J. Wiseman
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2005
Language eng
Subject C1
300403 Animal Nutrition
630104 Dairy cattle
Abstract Effects of monensin (Mon) on performance of Holstein-Friesian cows fed tropical grasses and cane molasses (M) or cereal grain were examined in three experiments. In experiment I (incomplete 4 x 4 Latin square), three rumen-fistulated cows [188 I I days in milk (DIM)] were fed mixed diets based on rhodes grass (Chloris gayana cv. Callide) bay where M was substituted for wheat grain (W) at rates of 0 (MO), 125 (M 125) or 250 (M250) g/kg dry matter (DM). A fourth diet contained M250 plus 0.02 g Mon/kg DM (M250 + Mon). Substituting M for W tended (P < 0.10) to decrease the ratio of rumen molar proportions of acetate+butyrate (Bu):propionate (Pr) (4.3 versus 3.8 and 4.0 for M0, M125 and M250, respectively). There were no treatment effects (P> 0.10) on intake, organic matter digestibility, milk production or liveweight (LW) change. In experiment 2, 48 cows (173 &PLUSMN; 28.3 DIM) grazing kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum cv. common) pastures and supplemented with maize silage and a grain-based concentrate were offered either M (2.6 kg DM/(cow day)) or barley grain (B) (2.7 kg DM/(cow day)). Within each supplement type, half were fed 0 or 320 mg of Mon/(cow day). There were Mon x supplement interactions (Mon x S; P < 0.05) on the rumen molar proportion of Pr and Bu at 15:00 h, with B + Mon having the highest value for Pr (0.259 mmol/mmol) and lowest value for Bu (0.121 mmol/mmol). A Mon x S effect (P < 0.05) on milk fat content was noted with Mon causing a lower value regardless of energy source (31 and 36 g/l versus 40 and 38 g/l for B + Mon, M + Mon, B - Mon and M - Mon, respectively). As a main effect, M as opposed to B, reduced yields of milk (P < 0.05; 16.21/(cow day) versus 18.01/(cow day)) and protein (P < 0.05; 479 g/(cow day) versus 538 g/(cow day)). Monensin reduced milk fat yield (P < 0.05; 669 g/(cow day) versus 562 g/(cow day)), raised milk protein concentration (P < 0.05; 31 g/l versus 29 g/l) and caused LW gain rather than loss (P < 0.05; +0.06 kg/(cow day) versus -0.30 kg/(cow day)). No treatment effects on pasture intake were noted. In experiment 3, 48 cows (91 &PLUSMN; 16.1 DIM) grazing kikuyu pasture and supplemented with grain-based concentrate, sugar cane silage and 2.7 kg DM(cow day) of M were supplemented with either 0 or 320 mg Mon/(cow day). Monensin reduced (P < 0.05) milk fat content (33 g/l versus 30 g/l) and tended (P < 0.10) to reduce milk protein content (29 g/l versus 28 g/l). No effects of Mon on other milk production parameters, LW change or pasture intake were noted. Feeding monensin to mid-lactation Holstein-Friesian cows offered diets based on tropical grasses, and cane molasses or grain, improves rumen fermentation efficiency, thereby improving energy efficiency resulting in higher LW gain. Monensin had no effect on milk yield, but reduced milk fat concentration.
Keyword Agriculture, Dairy & Animal Science
Tropical Grasses
Dairy Cows
Ammonia Concentration
Digestion Kinetics
Rumen Fluid
Agriculture, Dairy & Animal Science
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 06:13:23 EST