Measuring community strength and social capital

Western, J., Stimson, R., Baum, S. and Van Gellecum, Y. (2005) Measuring community strength and social capital. Regional Studies, 39 8: 1095-1109. doi:10.1080/00343400500328222

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Author Western, J.
Stimson, R.
Baum, S.
Van Gellecum, Y.
Title Measuring community strength and social capital
Journal name Regional Studies   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0034-3404
Publication date 2005
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/00343400500328222
Volume 39
Issue 8
Start page 1095
End page 1109
Total pages 15
Editor M. Coombes
A. Gillespie
R. Harris
A. Hull
M. Kwan
R. Leichenko
N. Marshall
A. Pike
S. Roper
C. Wren
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2005
Language eng
Subject C1
370401 Urban and Regional Studies
750301 The distribution of wealth
Abstract Five case study communities in both metropolitan and regional urban locations in Australia are used as test sites to develop measures of 'community strength' on four domains: Natural Capital; Produced Economic Capital; Human Capital; and Social and Institutional Capital. The paper focuses on the fourth domain. Sample surveys of households in the five case study communities used a survey instrument with scaled items to measure four aspects of social capital - formal norms, informal norms, formal structures and informal structures - that embrace the concepts of trust, reciprocity, bonds, bridges, links and networks in the interaction of individuals with their community inherent in the notion social capital. Exploratory principal components analysis is used to identify factors that measure those aspects of social and institutional capital, while a confirmatory analysis based on Cronbach's alpha explores the robustness of the measures. Four primary scales and 15 subscales are identified when defining the domain of social and institutional capital. Further analysis reveals that two measures - anomie, and perceived quality of life and wellbeing - relate to certain primary scales of social capital.
Keyword Environmental Studies
Social Capital
Community Performance
Factor Analysis
Q-Index Code C1

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 05:35:10 EST