Prevalence of whole-body skin self-examination in a population at high risk for skin cancer (Australia)

Aitken, Joanne F., Janda, Monika, Lowe, John B., Elwood, Mark, Ring, Ian T., Youl, Philippa H. and Firman, David W. (2004) Prevalence of whole-body skin self-examination in a population at high risk for skin cancer (Australia). Cancer Causes & Control, 15 5: 453-463. doi:10.1023/B:CACO.0000036451.39128.f6


Author Aitken, Joanne F.
Janda, Monika
Lowe, John B.
Elwood, Mark
Ring, Ian T.
Youl, Philippa H.
Firman, David W.
Title Prevalence of whole-body skin self-examination in a population at high risk for skin cancer (Australia)
Journal name Cancer Causes & Control   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0957-5243
Publication date 2004-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1023/B:CACO.0000036451.39128.f6
Volume 15
Issue 5
Start page 453
End page 463
Total pages 11
Editor G. A. Colditz
Place of publication Netherlands
Publisher Kluwer Academic Publishers
Collection year 2004
Language eng
Subject C1
321299 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
730299 Public health not elsewhere classified
Abstract Objective: Whole-body skin self-examination (SSE) with presentation of suspicious lesions to a physician may improve early detection of melanoma. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence and determinants of SSE in a high-risk population in preparation for a community-based randomised controlled trial of screening for melanoma. Methods: A telephone survey reached 3110 residents older than 30 years (overall response rate of 66.9%) randomly selected from 18 regional communities in Queensland, Australia. Results: Overall, 804 (25.9%) participants reported whole-body SSE within the past 12 months and 1055 (33.9%) within the past three years. Whole-body SSE was associated in multivariate logistic regression analysis with younger age (< 50 years); higher education; having received either a whole-body skin examination, recommendation or instruction on SSE by a primary care physician; giving skin checks a high priority; concern about skin cancer and a personal history of skin cancer. Conclusion: Overall, the prevalence of SSE in the present study is among the highest yet observed in Australia, with about one-third of the adult population reporting whole-body SSE in the past three years. People over 50 years, who are at relatively higher risk for skin cancer, currently perform SSE less frequently than younger people.
Keyword Oncology
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Melanoma
Randomised-controlled Trial
Screening
Skin Self-examination
Cutaneous Malignant-melanoma
United-states
General-practitioners
Health
Prevention
Queensland
Predictors
Mortality
Patterns
Whites
Q-Index Code C1

 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 05:20:23 EST