Archaeology and age of a new hominin from Flores in eastern Indonesia

Morwood, M. J., Soejono, R. P., Roberts, R. G., Sutikna, T., Turney, C. S. M., Westaway, K. E., Rink, W. J., Zhao, J. X., van den Bergh, G. D., Due, R. A., Hobbs, D. R., Moore, M. W., Bird, M. I. and Fifield, L. K. (2004) Archaeology and age of a new hominin from Flores in eastern Indonesia. Nature, 431 7012: 1087-1091. doi:10.1038/nature02956

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Author Morwood, M. J.
Soejono, R. P.
Roberts, R. G.
Sutikna, T.
Turney, C. S. M.
Westaway, K. E.
Rink, W. J.
Zhao, J. X.
van den Bergh, G. D.
Due, R. A.
Hobbs, D. R.
Moore, M. W.
Bird, M. I.
Fifield, L. K.
Title Archaeology and age of a new hominin from Flores in eastern Indonesia
Journal name Nature   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0028-0836
Publication date 2004
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/nature02956
Volume 431
Issue 7012
Start page 1087
End page 1091
Total pages 5
Editor Philip Campbell
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Collection year 2004
Language eng
Subject C1
260109 Geochronology
Abstract Excavations at Liang Bua, a large limestone cave on the island of Flores in eastern Indonesia, have yielded evidence for a population of tiny hominins, sufficiently distinct anatomically to be assigned to a new species, Homo floresiensis(1). The finds comprise the cranial and some post-cranial remains of one individual, as well as a premolar from another individual in older deposits. Here we describe their context, implications and the remaining archaeological uncertainties. Dating by radiocarbon (C-14), luminescence, uranium-series and electron spin resonance (ESR) methods indicates that H. floresiensis existed from before 38,000 years ago (kyr) until at least 18 kyr. Associated deposits contain stone artefacts and animal remains, including Komodo dragon and an endemic, dwarfed species of Stegodon. H. floresiensis originated from an early dispersal of Homo erectus ( including specimens referred to as Homo ergaster and Homo georgicus)(1) that reached Flores, and then survived on this island refuge until relatively recently. It overlapped significantly in time with Homo sapiens in the region(2,3), but we do not know if or how the two species interacted.
Keyword Multidisciplinary Sciences
Human Occupation
Q-Index Code C1

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 04:51:10 EST