William Close (1775-1813): Medicine, music, ink and engines in the Lake District

Gardner-Thorpe, Damian, Gardner-Thorpe, Christopher and Pearn, John (2004) William Close (1775-1813): Medicine, music, ink and engines in the Lake District. Journal of The Royal Society of Medicine, 97 12: 599-602. doi:10.1258/jrsm.97.12.599

Author Gardner-Thorpe, Damian
Gardner-Thorpe, Christopher
Pearn, John
Title William Close (1775-1813): Medicine, music, ink and engines in the Lake District
Journal name Journal of The Royal Society of Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0141-0768
Publication date 2004-12
Sub-type Other
DOI 10.1258/jrsm.97.12.599
Volume 97
Issue 12
Start page 599
End page 602
Total pages 4
Editor R. Fox
Place of publication London, U.K.
Publisher Royal Society of Medicine Press
Collection year 2004
Language eng
Subject C1
329999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
730399 Health and support services not elsewhere classified
Formatted abstract
Within the chronology of medicine there are occasional figures—for example, Leonardo da Vinci on a broader canvas—whose inventiveness has bequeathed valuable legacies in diverse fields of human endeavour. Erasmus Darwin (1731–1802)1 was one such, Ferdinand von Helmholtz (1821–1894) another.2 We believe that to this company should be added the little-known Lakeland surgeon and apothecary, William Close (1775–1813). In his brief life of 38 years, in addition to ‘diligent attention to the duties of his profession’3 he contributed to the broader betterment of humankind with an extraordinary array of inventions4—notably in mine safety, brass musical instruments and hydraulics. Two hundred years have elapsed since this kind and respected village doctor invented his ‘Engine for raising water by the lateral Communication of Motion’. We believe that this is an appropriate time to record a short biography.
Keyword Medicine, General & Internal
Q-Index Code C1

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 04:33:22 EST