The individual within the group: Balancing the need to belong with the need to be different

Hornsey, Matthew J. and Jetten, Jolanda (2004) The individual within the group: Balancing the need to belong with the need to be different. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 8 3: 248-264. doi:10.1207/s15327957pspr0803_2


Author Hornsey, Matthew J.
Jetten, Jolanda
Title The individual within the group: Balancing the need to belong with the need to be different
Journal name Personality and Social Psychology Review   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1088-8683
Publication date 2004
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1207/s15327957pspr0803_2
Volume 8
Issue 3
Start page 248
End page 264
Total pages 17
Editor E. R. Smith
Place of publication Mahwah, NJ
Publisher Lawrence Earlbaum Associates; Sage Journals Online
Collection year 2004
Language eng
Subject C1
380105 Social and Community Psychology
780108 Behavioural and cognitive sciences
1701 Psychology
Abstract Many theorists have wrestled with the notion of how people balance their need to be included in social groups with their need to be different and distinctive. This question is particularly salient to researchers from the social identify perspective, who have traditionally viewed individual differentiation within groups as being inimical to group identification. In this article we present a number of strategies that people can use to balance their need to belong and their need to be different, without violating social identity principles. First, drawing from optimal distinctiveness theory, we discuss 4 ways in which the need for belonging and the need to be different can be resolved by maximizing group distinctiveness. We then discuss 4 ways in which it is possible to achieve individual differentiation within a group at the same time demonstrating group identification. These strategies are discussed and integrated with reference to recent empirical research and to the social identity perspective.
Keyword Psychology, Social
Self-enhancement
In-group
Group Identification
Group Homogeneity
Multimethod Probes
Social Identity
Distinctiveness
Assimilation
Cultures
Context
Q-Index Code C1
Additional Notes This document is a journal review.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
2005 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 04:22:19 EST