1H-1,3-Diazepines, 5H-1,3-diazepines, 1,3-diazepinones, and 2,4-diazabicyclo[3.2.0]heptenes

Reisinger, A., Koch, R., Bernhardt, P. V. and Wentrup, C. (2004) 1H-1,3-Diazepines, 5H-1,3-diazepines, 1,3-diazepinones, and 2,4-diazabicyclo[3.2.0]heptenes. Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry, 2 8: 1227-1238. doi:10.1039/b317099c

Author Reisinger, A.
Koch, R.
Bernhardt, P. V.
Wentrup, C.
Title 1H-1,3-Diazepines, 5H-1,3-diazepines, 1,3-diazepinones, and 2,4-diazabicyclo[3.2.0]heptenes
Journal name Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1477-0520
Publication date 2004
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1039/b317099c
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 2
Issue 8
Start page 1227
End page 1238
Total pages 12
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Collection year 2004
Language eng
Abstract Tetrazolo[1,5-a] pyridines/ 2-azidopyridines 1 undergo photochemical nitrogen elimination and ring expansion to 1,3-diazacyclohepta-1,2,4,6-tetraenes 3, which react with alcohols to afford 2-alkoxy-1H-1,3-diazepines 4 (5), with secondary amines to 2-dialkylamino-5H-1,3-diazepines 16, sometimes via isolable 2-dialkylamino-1H-1,3-diazepines 15, and with water to 1,3-diazepin-2-ones 19. The latter are also obtained by elimination of isobutene or propene from 2-tert-butoxy- or 2-isopropoxy-1H-1,3-diazepines 4 or 5. 1,3-Diazepin-2-one 22B and 1,3-diazepin-4-one 24 were obtained from hydrolysis of the corresponding 4-chlorodiazepines. Diazepinones 19 undergo photochemical ring closure to diazabicycloheptenones 25 in high yields. The 2-alkoxy-1H-1,3-diazepines 4 and 5 interconvert by rapid proton exchange between positions N1 and N3. The free energies of activation for the proton exchange were measured by the Forsen - Hoffman method as DeltaGdouble dagger(298) = 16.2 +/- 0.6 kcal mol(-1) as an average for 4a - c in CD2Cl2, acetone-d(6), and methanol-d(4), and 14.1 +/- 0.6 kcal mol(-1) for 4c in acetone/D2O. The structures of 2-methoxy-5,6-bis( trifluoromethyl)-1H-1,3-diazepine 4k, 1,2-dihydro-4-diethylamino-5H-1,3-diazepin-2-one 22bB, and diazabicycloheptanone 26 were determined by X-ray crystallography. The former represents the first reported X-ray crystal structure of any monocyclic N-unsubstituted 1H-azepine.
Keyword Chemistry, Organic
Hiv Protease Inhibitors
Vibrational Frequencies
Cyclic Ureas
Q-Index Code C1

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 04:13:21 EST