Food and nutrient consumption patterns in third trimester Thai-Muslim pregnant women in rural Southern Thailand

Piammongkol, Sumalika, Marks, Geoffrey C., Williams, Gail and Chongsuvivatwong, Virasakdi (2004) Food and nutrient consumption patterns in third trimester Thai-Muslim pregnant women in rural Southern Thailand. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 13 3: 236-241.


Author Piammongkol, Sumalika
Marks, Geoffrey C.
Williams, Gail
Chongsuvivatwong, Virasakdi
Title Food and nutrient consumption patterns in third trimester Thai-Muslim pregnant women in rural Southern Thailand
Journal name Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0964-7058
Publication date 2004-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 13
Issue 3
Start page 236
End page 241
Total pages 6
Editor M Wahlqvist
A Okada
Place of publication Australia
Publisher H E C Press
Collection year 2004
Language eng
Subject C1
321205 Nutrition and Dietetics
730215 Nutrition
1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
Abstract The aims of this study were to determine food and nutrient intakes and the socio-economic factors influencing food and nutrient intakes of rural Thai-Muslim women in the third trimester of pregnancy. The study was conducted in Pattani province, Thailand, where 166 women were interviewed between 32 and 40 weeks gestation. A questionnaire. including a Food Frequency Questionnaire was used. Data on food items were compiled into the five basic Thai food groups, and food intakes were computed into macro and micro-nutrients. Mean weight intake of each of the five groups was below the recommended level for pregnant Thai women. Mean intake of niacin, vitamin A (RE) and vitamin C were above the recommended Thai level. Thiamin, calcium. phosphorus and iron intakes were lower than 50% of recommended levels. Intakes of the five food groups were not associated with socio-economic status, although total non-haem iron intake was associated with level of education. Under-consumption of food and nutrients among pregnant women in the study area was due to poor education. poverty and food availability. Integrated strategies should be considered to promote increased intakes to meet nutrient recommendations.
Keyword Nutrition & Dietetics
Muslim
Food Consumption
Diet
Pregnancy
Iron
Calcium
Rural
Socio-economic Factors
Thailand
Weight
Q-Index Code C1

 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 14:10:38 EST