Primary prevention of skin cancer: A review of sun protection in Australia and internationally

Stanton, Warren R., Janda, Monika, Baade, Peter D. and Anderson, Peter (2004) Primary prevention of skin cancer: A review of sun protection in Australia and internationally. Health Promotion International, 19 3: 369-378. doi:10.1093/heapro/dah310

Author Stanton, Warren R.
Janda, Monika
Baade, Peter D.
Anderson, Peter
Title Primary prevention of skin cancer: A review of sun protection in Australia and internationally
Journal name Health Promotion International   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1460-2245
Publication date 2004-09
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1093/heapro/dah310
Volume 19
Issue 3
Start page 369
End page 378
Total pages 10
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Oxford University Press
Collection year 2004
Language eng
Subject C1
321216 Health Promotion
730204 Child health
1117 Public Health and Health Services
Abstract The incidence of skin cancer is increasing worldwide. Protecting the skin from the sun by wearing protective clothing, using a sunscreen with appropriate sun protection factor, wearing a hat, and avoiding the sun are recommended as primary preventive activities by cancer agencies. In this paper the recent data relating to skin cancer primary preventive behaviour in Australia and other countries is reviewed. Comparison of the studies in a table format summarizing the methods, objectives, participants, findings and implications may be obtained from the corresponding author. The sun protection knowledge, attitudes and behaviour patterns observed in Australia are similar in other countries, although Australian studies generally, report higher knowledge levels about skin cancer and higher levels of sun protection. The findings suggest that sunscreen is the most frequent method of sun protection used across all age groups, despite recommendations that it should be at? adjunct to other forms of protection. While young children's sun protective behaviour is largely influenced by their parents' behaviours, they are still tinder protected, and sun protective measures such as seeking shade, avoiding the sun and protective clothing need to be emphasized. Adolescents have the lowest skin protection rates of all age groups. Within the adult age range, women and people with sensitive skin were most likely to be using skin protection. However, women were also more likely than men to sunbath deliberately and to use sun-tanning booths. The relationship between skin protection knowledge and attitudes, attitudes towards tanning and skin protection behaviour needs further investigation. Further studies need to include detailed assessments of sunscreen use and application patterns, and future health promotion activities need to focus on sun protection by wearing clothing and seeking shade to avoid increases in the sunburn rates observed to date.
Keyword Health Policy & Services
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Primary Prevention
Skin Cancer
Tanning Bed Use
Sunscreen Use
Solar Protection
Cutaneous Melanoma
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: 2005 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Public Health Publications
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 114 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 142 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 04:06:42 EST