An investigation of contact transmission of methicillin resistant-Staphylococcus aureus

McBryde, E. S., Bradley, L. C., Whitby, M. and McElwain, D. L. S. (2004) An investigation of contact transmission of methicillin resistant-Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of Hospital Infection, 58 2: 104-108. doi:10.1016/j.jhin.2004.06.010

Author McBryde, E. S.
Bradley, L. C.
Whitby, M.
McElwain, D. L. S.
Title An investigation of contact transmission of methicillin resistant-Staphylococcus aureus
Journal name Journal of Hospital Infection   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0195-6701
Publication date 2004
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jhin.2004.06.010
Volume 58
Issue 2
Start page 104
End page 108
Total pages 5
Editor S. Barrett
Place of publication UK
Publisher Elsevier Ltd
Collection year 2004
Language eng
Subject C1
321010 Infectious Diseases
730101 Infectious diseases
Abstract Hand hygiene is critical in the healthcare setting and it is believed that methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), for example, is transmitted from patient to patient largely via the hands of health professionals. A study has been carried out at a large teaching hospital to estimate how often the gloves of a healthcare worker are contaminated with MRSA after contact with a colonized patient. The effectiveness of handwashing procedures to decontaminate the health professionals' hands was also investigated, together with how well different healthcare professional groups complied with handwashing procedures. The study showed that about 17% (9-25%) of contacts between a healthcare worker and a MRSA-colonized patient results in transmission of MRSA from a patient to the gloves of a healthcare worker. Different health professional groups have different rates of compliance with infection control procedures. Non-contact staff (cleaners, food services) had the shortest handwashing times. In this study, glove use compliance rates were 75% or above in all healthcare worker groups except doctors whose compliance was only 27%. (C) 2004 The Hospital Infection Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keyword Infectious Diseases
Hand Hygiene
Infection Control
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Mathematics and Physics
2005 Higher Education Research Data Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 61 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 84 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 03:28:42 EST