Optimising exercise training in peripheral arterial disease

Bulmer, AC and Coombes, JS (2004) Optimising exercise training in peripheral arterial disease. Sports Medicine, 34 14: 983-1003. doi:10.2165/00007256-200434140-00004


Author Bulmer, AC
Coombes, JS
Title Optimising exercise training in peripheral arterial disease
Journal name Sports Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0112-1642
Publication date 2004
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.2165/00007256-200434140-00004
Volume 34
Issue 14
Start page 983
End page 1003
Total pages 21
Editor J.N. Shanahan
Place of publication Auckland, NZ
Publisher Adis International
Collection year 2004
Language eng
Subject C1
321401 Exercise Physiology
730106 Cardiovascular system and diseases
Abstract Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is an obstructive condition where the flow of blood through peripheral arteries is impeded. During periods of increased oxygen demand (e.g. during exercise), peripheral limb ischaemia occurs, resulting in the sensation of muscle pain termed 'claudication'. As a result of claudication, subjects' ability to exercise is greatly reduced affecting their quality of life. Although many treatment options for patients with PAD exist, exercise training is an effective and low-cost means of improving functional ability and quality of life. Currently, there are limited specific recommendations to assist the exercise prescription and programming of these individuals. This review summarises data from 28 exercise training studies conducted in patients with PAD and formulates recommendations based on their results. Exercise training for patients with PAD should involve three training sessions per week comprising 45 minutes of intermittent treadmill walking in a supervised environment for a time period of 20 weeks or more. Encouragement and direction is given to further research aimed at investigating the effectiveness of training programmes in these patients.
Keyword Sport Sciences
Intermittent Claudication
Occlusive Disease
Treatment Efficacy
Vascular-disease
Randomized Trial
Skeletal-muscle
Risk-factors
No Treatment
Pain
Therapy
Q-Index Code C1
Additional Notes This document is a journal review.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
2005 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 03:27:37 EST