Anatomy of a hemiramphid pharyngeal mill with reference to arrhamphus sclerolepis krefftii (steindachner) (teleostei: hemiramphidae)

Tibbetts, I. R. and Carseldine, L. (2003) Anatomy of a hemiramphid pharyngeal mill with reference to arrhamphus sclerolepis krefftii (steindachner) (teleostei: hemiramphidae). Journal of Morphology, 255 2: 228-243. doi:10.1002/jmor.10057


Author Tibbetts, I. R.
Carseldine, L.
Title Anatomy of a hemiramphid pharyngeal mill with reference to arrhamphus sclerolepis krefftii (steindachner) (teleostei: hemiramphidae)
Journal name Journal of Morphology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0362-2525
Publication date 2003-02-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/jmor.10057
Volume 255
Issue 2
Start page 228
End page 243
Total pages 16
Editor Frederick Harrison
Place of publication New York
Publisher Wiley-Liss
Collection year 2003
Language eng
Subject C1
270503 Animal Anatomy and Histology
780105 Biological sciences
Abstract The structure and function of the pharyngeal jaw apparatus (PJA) and postpharyngeal alimentary tract of Arrhamphus sclerolepis krefftii, an herbivorous hemiramphid, were investigated by dissection, light and scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray analysis of live specimens. A simple model of PJA operation is proposed, consisting of an adductive power stroke of the third pharyngobranchial that draws it posteriorly while the fifth ceratobranchial is adducted, and a return stroke in which the third pharyngobranchial bone is drawn anteriorly during abduction of the fifth ceratobranchial. Teeth in the posteromedial region of the PJA are eroded into an occlusion zone where the teeth of the third pharyngobranchial are spatulate incisiform and face posteriorly in opposition to the rostrally oriented spatulate incisiform teeth in the wear zone of the fifth ceratobranchial. The shape of the teeth and their pedestals (bone of attachment) is consistent with the model and with the forces likely to operate on the elements of the PJA during mastication. The role of pharyngeal tooth replacement in maintaining the occlusal surfaces in the PJA during growth is described. The postpharyngeal alimentary tract of A. sclerolepis krefftii comprises a stomachless cylinder that attenuates gradually as it passes straight to the anus, interrupted only by a rectal valve. The ratio of gut length to standard length is about 0.5. Despite superficial similarities to the cichlid PJA (Stiassny and Jensen [1987] Bull Mus Comp Zool 151: 269-319), the hemiramphid PJA differs in the fusion of the third pharyngobranchial bones, teeth in the second pharyngobranchials and the fifth ceratobranchial face anteriorly, the presence of a slide-like diarthroses between the heads of the fourth epibranchials and the third pharyngobranchial, the occlusion zone of constantly wearing teeth, and the unusual form of the muscularis craniopharyngobranchialis. The functional relationship between these structures is explained and the consequence for the fish of a complex PJA and a simple gut is discussed. (C) 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Keyword Anatomy & Morphology
Pharyngeal Jaw Apparatus
Functional Morphology
Evolution
Gut Length
Teeth
Pharynx
Jaw Apparatus
Feeding-behavior
Cichlid Fishes
Tooth
Morphology
Phylogeny
Ontogeny
Patterns
Q-Index Code C1

 
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