Fifteen years of surveillance by the Australian Group for Antimicrobial Resistance (AGAR)

Nimmo, G. R., Bell, J. M. and Collignon, P.J. (2003) Fifteen years of surveillance by the Australian Group for Antimicrobial Resistance (AGAR). Communicable Diseases Intelligence, 27 Supplement: S47-S54.

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Author Nimmo, G. R.
Bell, J. M.
Collignon, P.J.
Title Fifteen years of surveillance by the Australian Group for Antimicrobial Resistance (AGAR)
Journal name Communicable Diseases Intelligence   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0725-3141
Publication date 2003-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 27
Issue Supplement
Start page S47
End page S54
Total pages 8
Editor Jenean Spencer
Place of publication Woden, A.C.T., Australia
Publisher Department of Health & Ageing, Australian Government
Collection year 2003
Language eng
Subject C1
320401 Medical Bacteriology
730101 Infectious diseases
1103 Clinical Sciences
1117 Public Health and Health Services
Formatted abstract
The Australian Group for Antimicrobial Resistance (AGAR) has played a unique role in surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in Australia. It has a broad laboratory membership representing the major teaching hospitals in all Australian capitals and more recently major private pathology laboratories in most states. The use of an active surveillance strategy with standard methodology for collection and examination of clinically significant isolates has produced data accurately reflecting the changing prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in major hospitals as well as the community. AGAR has documented the spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Australian hospitals in the late 1980s and throughout the 1990s. Surveys of antimicrobial resistance in enterococci have monitored the emergence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci as an important nosocomial pathogen in Australia. AGAR has also conducted major national surveys of resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae, community isolates of Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenzae and in the Enterobacteriaceae. These and other activities have given AGAR a unique perspective on emerging patterns of resistance in key pathogens in Australia. The recent extension of membership to include more private pathology laboratories may provide the opportunity to conduct more representative community based surveys. (author abstract)

Keyword Australian Group for Antimicrobial Resistance (AGAR)
Antimicrobial resistance surveillance
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Haemophilus influenzae
Q-Index Code C1
Additional Notes Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report

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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 02:42:14 EST