Searching for schizophrenia in ancient Greek and Roman literature: A systematic review

Evans, K., McGrath, J. and Milns, R. (2003) Searching for schizophrenia in ancient Greek and Roman literature: A systematic review. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 107 5: 323-330. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0447.2003.00053.x


Author Evans, K.
McGrath, J.
Milns, R.
Title Searching for schizophrenia in ancient Greek and Roman literature: A systematic review
Journal name Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-690X
Publication date 2003
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1034/j.1600-0447.2003.00053.x
Volume 107
Issue 5
Start page 323
End page 330
Total pages 8
Editor Poul Munk Joergensen
Place of publication London, U.K.
Publisher Blackwell Munksgaard
Collection year 2003
Language eng
Subject C1
321021 Psychiatry
730211 Mental health
430110 History - Classical Greek and Roman
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to systematically examine ancient Roman and Greek texts to identify descriptions of schizophrenia and related disorders. Method: Material from Greek and Roman literature dating from the 5th Century BC to the beginning of the 2nd Century AD was systematically reviewed for symptoms of mental illness. DSM IV criteria were applied in order to identify material related to schizophrenia and related disorders. Results: The general public had an awareness of psychotic disorders, because the symptoms were described in works of fiction and in historical accounts of malingering. There were isolated instances of text related to psychotic symptoms in the residents of ancient Rome and Greece, but no written material describing a condition that would meet modern diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia. Conclusion: In contrast to many other psychiatric disorders that are represented in ancient Greek and Roman literature, there were no descriptions of individuals with schizophrenia in the material assessed in this review.
Keyword Psychiatry
History Of Medicine
Ancient
Greek World
Roman World
Schizophrenia
Mental Disorders
18th-century
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: 2004 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 02:12:21 EST