Masculinity-femininity as a national characteristic and its relationship with national agoraphobic fear levels: Fodor's sex role hypothesis revitalized

Arrindell, W. A., Eisemann, M., Richter, J, Oei, T. P. S., Caballo, V. E., van der Ende, J., Sanavio, E., Bages, N., Feldman, L., Torres, B., Sica, C., Iwawaki, S., Hatzichristou, C., Cultural Clinical Psychology Study and Kenardy, J. A. (2003) Masculinity-femininity as a national characteristic and its relationship with national agoraphobic fear levels: Fodor's sex role hypothesis revitalized. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41 7: 795-807. doi:10.1016/S0005-7967(02)00188-2


Author Arrindell, W. A.
Eisemann, M.
Richter, J
Oei, T. P. S.
Caballo, V. E.
van der Ende, J.
Sanavio, E.
Bages, N.
Feldman, L.
Torres, B.
Sica, C.
Iwawaki, S.
Hatzichristou, C.
Cultural Clinical Psychology Study
Kenardy, J. A.
Title Masculinity-femininity as a national characteristic and its relationship with national agoraphobic fear levels: Fodor's sex role hypothesis revitalized
Journal name Behaviour Research and Therapy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0005-7967
1873-622X
Publication date 2003-06-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/S0005-7967(02)00188-2
Volume 41
Issue 7
Start page 795
End page 807
Total pages 13
Editor G.T. Wilson
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2003
Language eng
Subject C1
Abstract Hofstede's dimension of national culture termed Masculinity-Femininity [Hofstede (1991). Cultures and organizations: software of the mind. London: McGraw-Hill] is proposed to be of relevance for understanding national-level differences in self-assessed agoraphobic fears. This prediction is based on the classical work of Fodor [Fodor (1974). In: V. Franks & V. Burtle (Eds.), Women in therapy: new psychotherapies for a changing society. New York: Brunner/Mazel]. A unique data set comprising 11 countries (total N = 5491 students) provided the opportunity of scrutinizing this issue. It was hypothesized and found that national Masculinity (the degree to which cultures delineate sex roles, with masculine or tough societies making clearer differentiations between the sexes than feminine or modest societies do) would correlate positively with national agoraphobic fear levels (as assessed with the Fear Survey Schedule-III). Following the correction for sex and age differences across national samples, a significant and large effect-sized national-level (ecological) r = +0.67 (P = 0.01) was found. A highly feminine society such as Sweden had the lowest, whereas the champion among the masculine societies, Japan, had the highest national Agoraphobic fear score. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keyword Psychology, Clinical
Sex Roles
Agoraphobia
Cross-cultural Assessment
National Masculinity-femininity
Hofstede
Fodor
Self-reported Fears
Survey Schedule
Cultural-differences
Personality
Dimensions
Population
Sample
Gender
Power
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
2004 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 01:57:22 EST