Phobic anxiety in 11 nations: Part I: Dimensional constancy of the five-factor model

Arrindell, W. A., Eisemann, M., Richter, J., Oei, T. P. S., Caballo, V. E., van der Ende, J., Sanavio, E., Bages, N., Torres, B., Sica, C., Iwawaki, S., Edelmann, R. J., Crozier, W. R., Furnham, A., Hudson, B., Cultural Clinical Psychology Study Group, Kenardy, J. and et al. (2003) Phobic anxiety in 11 nations: Part I: Dimensional constancy of the five-factor model. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41 4: 461-479. doi:10.1016/S0005-7967(02)00047-5

Author Arrindell, W. A.
Eisemann, M.
Richter, J.
Oei, T. P. S.
Caballo, V. E.
van der Ende, J.
Sanavio, E.
Bages, N.
Torres, B.
Sica, C.
Iwawaki, S.
Edelmann, R. J.
Crozier, W. R.
Furnham, A.
Hudson, B.
Cultural Clinical Psychology Study Group
Kenardy, J.
et al.
Title Phobic anxiety in 11 nations: Part I: Dimensional constancy of the five-factor model
Journal name Behaviour Research and Therapy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0005-7967
Publication date 2003
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/S0005-7967(02)00047-5
Volume 41
Issue 4
Start page 461
End page 479
Total pages 19
Editor G. T. Wilson
Place of publication Oxford, U.K.
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2003
Language eng
Subject C1
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
1701 Psychology
Abstract The Fear Survey Schedule-III (FSS-III) was administered to a total of 5491 students in Australia, East Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Spain, Sweden, and Venezuela, and submitted to the multiple group method of confirmatory analysis (MGM) in order to determine the cross-national dimensional constancy of the five-factor model of self-assessed fears originally established in Dutch, British, and Canadian samples. The model comprises fears of bodily injury-illness-death, agoraphobic fears, social fears, fears of sexual and aggressive scenes, and harmless animals fears. Close correspondence between the factors was demonstrated across national samples. In each country, the corresponding scales were internally consistent, were intercorrelated at magnitudes comparable to those yielded in the original samples, and yielded (in 93% of the total number of 55 comparisons) sex differences in line with the usual finding (higher scores for females). In each country, the relatively largest sex differences were obtained on harmless animals fears. The organization of self-assessed fears is sufficiently similar across nations to warrant the use of the same weight matrix (scoring key) for the FSS-III in the different countries and to make cross-national comparisons feasible. This opens the way to further studies that attempt to predict (on an a priori basis) cross-national variations in fear levels with dimensions of national cultures. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keyword Fears
Five-factor Model
Factorial Invariance
Multiple Group Method
Sex Differences
Fear Survey Schedule
Psychology, Clinical
Q-Index Code C1

Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 24 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 30 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 01:57:09 EST