Resting energy expenditure and body composition in children with myelomeningocele

Littlewood, Robyn A., Trocki, Orrawin, Shepherd, Ross W., Shepherd, Karin and Davies, Peter S. W. (2003) Resting energy expenditure and body composition in children with myelomeningocele. Pediatric Rehabilitation, 6 1: 31-37. doi:10.1080/1363849031000097817


Author Littlewood, Robyn A.
Trocki, Orrawin
Shepherd, Ross W.
Shepherd, Karin
Davies, Peter S. W.
Title Resting energy expenditure and body composition in children with myelomeningocele
Journal name Pediatric Rehabilitation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1363-8491
1464-5270
Publication date 2003-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/1363849031000097817
Volume 6
Issue 1
Start page 31
End page 37
Total pages 7
Editor David Johnson
Elise Rivlin
Donald Stein
Place of publication USA
Publisher Taylor and Francis Health Sciences
Collection year 2003
Language eng
Subject C1
321019 Paediatrics
730204 Child health
11 Medical and Health Sciences
1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
Abstract Purpose : Myelomeningocele is a complex disease often complicated by obesity for reasons not well understood. The objectives of this study were to determine body composition and energy expenditure of children with MMC. Methods : Resting energy expenditure (REE), body composition and anthropometry were measured in 19 children with MMC (12 M, 7 F). Total energy expenditure (TEE) was estimated using a 3-day activity record. Energy intake (EI) was measured in seven children (5 M, 2 F) with MMC. Data were then compared with predicted values. Results : Mean REE ( n = 19) was 4680 ±1452 kJ/day (96.1 ±18.1% of predicted REE). The range was large (45.8-125.7% of predicted REE). TEE ( n = 7) was 4344 ±2376 kJ/day, hence only 73 34% of predicted TEE. EI ( n = 7) was 6560 ±1329 kJ/day, approximating a normal energy requirement. Overall, BCM was lower than expected values. Conclusions : REE in children with MMC is variable when compared to predicted values. TEE was found to be lower in children with MMC than predicted values and EI was similar to predicted values in this group of seven children. BCM is reduced in children with MMC when compared to expected values.
Keyword Energy Expenditure
Body Composition
Children
Myelomeningocele
Spina Bifida
Energy Metabolism
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
2004 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 01:20:39 EST