Abnormal extracellular matrix protein transport associated with increased apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells in Marfan syndrome and bicuspid aortic valve thoracic aortic aneurysm

Nataatmadja, M., West, M., West, J., Summers, K., Walker, P., Nagata, M. and Watanabe, T. (2003) Abnormal extracellular matrix protein transport associated with increased apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells in Marfan syndrome and bicuspid aortic valve thoracic aortic aneurysm. Circulation, 108 10: 329-334.


Author Nataatmadja, M.
West, M.
West, J.
Summers, K.
Walker, P.
Nagata, M.
Watanabe, T.
Title Abnormal extracellular matrix protein transport associated with increased apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells in Marfan syndrome and bicuspid aortic valve thoracic aortic aneurysm
Journal name Circulation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0009-7322
Publication date 2003
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1161/01.cir.0000087660.82721.15
Volume 108
Issue 10
Start page 329
End page 334
Total pages 6
Editor J. T. Willerson
Place of publication Philadelphia
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Collection year 2003
Language eng
Subject C1
321003 Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
730106 Cardiovascular system and diseases
Abstract Background - Marfan syndrome (MS) is a genetic disorder caused by a mutation in the fibrillin gene FBN1. Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a congenital heart malformation of unknown cause. Both conditions are associated with ascending aortic aneurysm and premature death. This study examined the relationship among the secretion of extracellular matrix proteins fibrillin, fibronectin, tenascin, and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) apoptosis. The role of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)- 2 in VSMC apoptosis was studied in MS aneurysm. Methods and Results - Aneurysm tissue was obtained from patients undergoing surgery ( MS: 4 M, 1 F, age 27 - 45 years; BAV: 3 M, 2 F, age 28 - 65 years). Normal aorta from subjects with nonaneurysm disease was also collected ( 4 M, 1 F, age 23 - 93 years). MS and BAV aneurysm histology showed areas of cystic medial necrosis (CMN) without inflammatory infiltrate. Immunohistochemical study of cultured MS and BAV VSMC showed intracellular accumulation and reduction of extracellular distribution of fibrillin, fibronectin, and tenascin. Western blot showed no increase in expression of fibrillin, fibronectin, or tenascin in MS or BAV VSMC and increased expression of MMP-2 in MS VSMCs. There was 4-fold increase in loss of cultured VSMC incubated in serum-free medium for 24 hours in both MS ( 27 +/- 8%) and BAV ( 32 +/- 14%) compared with control ( 7 +/- 5%). Conclusions - In MS and BAV there is alteration in both the amount and quality of secreted proteins and an increased degree of VSMC apoptosis. Up-regulation of MMP-2 might play a role in VSMC apoptosis in MS VSMC. The findings suggest the presence of a fundamental cellular abnormality in BAV thoracic aorta, possibly of genetic origin.
Keyword Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems
Hematology
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Aneurysm
Apoptosis
Congenital Heart Disease
Tenascin-c
Fibrillin
Fibroblasts
Dissections
Mechanisms
Q-Index Code C1
Additional Notes The paper contains immunohistochemical studies of the pathology of aortic aneurysm and challenges the accepted role of inflammation in aortic aneurysm resulting from genetic factors. Nagata and Watanabe are Japanese collaborators.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
2004 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 119 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 153 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 519 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Tue, 14 Aug 2007, 19:25:17 EST