Anaerobic ammonium oxidation by marine and freshwater planctomycete-like bacteria

Jetten, M. S., Sliekers, O., Kuypers, M., Dalsgaard, T., van Niftrik, L., Cirpus, I., van de Pas-Schoonen, K. T., Lavik, G., Thamdrup, B., Le Paslier, D., Op den Camp, H. J. M., Huth, S., Nielsen, L. P., Abma, W., Third, K., Engstrom, P., Kuenen, J. G., Jorgensen, B. B., Canfield, D. E., Damste, J. S. S., Revsbech, N. P., Fuerst, J., Weissenbach, J., Wagner, M., Schmidt, I., Schmid, M. and Strous, M. (2003) Anaerobic ammonium oxidation by marine and freshwater planctomycete-like bacteria. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 63 2: 107-114.


Author Jetten, M. S.
Sliekers, O.
Kuypers, M.
Dalsgaard, T.
van Niftrik, L.
Cirpus, I.
van de Pas-Schoonen, K. T.
Lavik, G.
Thamdrup, B.
Le Paslier, D.
Op den Camp, H. J. M.
Huth, S.
Nielsen, L. P.
Abma, W.
Third, K.
Engstrom, P.
Kuenen, J. G.
Jorgensen, B. B.
Canfield, D. E.
Damste, J. S. S.
Revsbech, N. P.
Fuerst, J.
Weissenbach, J.
Wagner, M.
Schmidt, I.
Schmid, M.
Strous, M.
Title Anaerobic ammonium oxidation by marine and freshwater planctomycete-like bacteria
Journal name Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0175-7598
1432-0614
Publication date 2003-12
Year available 2003
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s00253-003-1422-4
Volume 63
Issue 2
Start page 107
End page 114
Total pages 8
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publisher Springer
Collection year 2003
Language eng
Subject C1
270301 Bacteriology
770502 Land and water management
770305 Oceanic processes (excl. climate related)
780105 Biological sciences
0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology
0605 Microbiology
Abstract Recently, two fresh water species, 'Candidatus Brocadia anammoxidans' and 'Candidatus Kuenenia stuttgartiensis', and one marine species, 'Candidatus Scalindua sorokinii', of planctomycete anammox bacteria have been identified. 'Candidatus Scalindua sorokinii' was discovered in the Black Sea, and contributed substantially to the loss of fixed nitrogen. All three species contain a unique organelle-the anammoxosome-in their cytoplasm. The anammoxosome contains the hydrazine/hydroxylamine oxidoreductase enzyme, and is thus the site of anammox catabolism. The anammoxosome is surrounded by a very dense membrane composed almost exclusively of linearly concatenated cyclobutane-containing lipids. These so-called 'ladderanes' are connected to the glycerol moiety via both ester and ether bonds. In natural and man-made ecosystems, anammox bacteria can cooperate with aerobic ammonium-oxidising bacteria, which protect them from harmful oxygen, and provide the necessary nitrite. The cooperation of these two groups of ammonium-oxidising bacteria is the microbial basis for a sustainable one reactor system, CANON (completely autotrophic nitrogen-removal over nitrite) to remove ammonia from high strength wastewater.
Keyword Autotrophic Nitrogen-removal
Oxidizing Bacteria
Microbial Community
Waste-water
Anammox
Nitrite
Reactor
Canon
Enrichment
Physiology
Candidatus Brocadia anammoxidans
Candidatus Kuenenia stuttgartiensis
Candidatus Scalindua sorokinii
Q-Index Code C1

 
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