A cassette ligation strategy with thioether replacement of three Gly-Gly peptide bonds: Total chemical synthesis of the 101 residue protein early pregnancy factor [psi(CH2S)(28-29,56-57,76-77)]

Englebretsen, D. R., Garnham, B. and Alewood, P. F. (2002) A cassette ligation strategy with thioether replacement of three Gly-Gly peptide bonds: Total chemical synthesis of the 101 residue protein early pregnancy factor [psi(CH2S)(28-29,56-57,76-77)]. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 67 17: 5883-5890.


Author Englebretsen, D. R.
Garnham, B.
Alewood, P. F.
Title A cassette ligation strategy with thioether replacement of three Gly-Gly peptide bonds: Total chemical synthesis of the 101 residue protein early pregnancy factor [psi(CH2S)(28-29,56-57,76-77)]
Journal name Journal of Organic Chemistry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-3263
Publication date 2002
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1021/jo016121e
Volume 67
Issue 17
Start page 5883
End page 5890
Total pages 8
Place of publication Washington
Publisher American Chemical Society
Collection year 2002
Language eng
Subject C1
270000 Biological Sciences
250300 Organic Chemistry
780105 Biological sciences
780103 Chemical sciences
Abstract The 101 residue protein early pregnancy factor (EPF), also known as human chaperonin 10, was synthesized from four functionalized, but unprotected, peptide segments by a sequential thioether ligation strategy. The approach exploits the differential reactivity of a peptide-NHCH2CH2SH thiolate with XCH2CO-peptides, where X = Cl or I/Br. Initial model studies with short functionalized (but unprotected) peptides showed a significantly faster reaction of a peptide-NHCH2CH2SH thiolate with a BrCH2CO-peptide than with a CICH2CO-peptide, where thiolate displacement of the halide leads to chemoselective formation of a thioether surrogate for the Gly-Gly peptide bond. This rate difference was used as the basis of a novel sequential ligation approach to the synthesis of large polypeptide chains. Thus, ligation of a model bifunctional N-alpha-chloroacetyl, C-terminal thiolated peptide with a second N-alpha-bromoacetyl peptide demonstrated chemoselective bromide displacement by the thiol group. Further investigations showed that the relatively unreactive N-alpha-chloroacetyl peptides could be activated by halide exchange using saturated KI solutions to yield the highly reactive No-iodoacetyl peptides. These findings were used to formulate a sequential thioether ligation strategy for the synthesis of EPF, a 101 amino acid protein containing three Gly-Gly sites approximately equidistantly spaced within the peptide chain. Four peptide segments or cassettes comprising the EPF protein sequence (BrAc-[EPF 78-101] 12, ClAc-[EPF 58-75]-[NHCH2CH2SH] 13, ClAc-[EPF 30-55]-[NHCH2CH2SH] 14, and Ac-[EPF 1-27]-[NHCH2CH2SH] 15) of EPF were synthesized in high yield and purity using Boc SPPS chemistry. In the stepwise sequential ligation strategy, reaction of peptides 12 and 13 was followed by conversion of the N-terminal chloroacetyl functional group to an iodoacetyl, thus activating the product peptide for further ligation with peptide 14. The process of ligation followed by iodoacetyl activation was repeated to yield an analogue of EPF (EPF psi(CH2S)(28-29,56-57,76-77)) 19 in 19% overall yield.
Keyword Chemistry, Organic
Hiv-1 Protease
Unprotected Peptides
Automated Synthesis
Crystal-structure
General-method
Segments
Identification
Transcription
Chaperonin-10
Conjugation
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
Institute for Molecular Bioscience - Publications
 
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