A critical note on UNDP's gender inequality indices

Tisdell, Clem, Roy, Kartik and Ghose, Ananda (2001) A critical note on UNDP's gender inequality indices. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 31 3: 385-399. doi:10.1080/00472330180000231

Author Tisdell, Clem
Roy, Kartik
Ghose, Ananda
Title A critical note on UNDP's gender inequality indices
Journal name Journal of Contemporary Asia   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0047-2336
Publication date 2001
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/00472330180000231
Volume 31
Issue 3
Start page 385
End page 399
Total pages 15
Editor P. Limqueco
Place of publication Abingdon, England
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2001
Language eng
Subject C1
340299 Applied Economics not elsewhere classified
729999 Economic issues not elsewhere classified
Abstract This paper analyses the different indices applied for the measurement of human development as constructed by the United Nations Development Program. Of special interest is the Gender Development Index (GDI), introduced in the 1995 Human Development Report and the Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). In light of the mate bias in the Indian socioeconomic context, the application of the GDI and GEM acquires special significance. A critical appraisal of their theoretical base and their application has been undertaken in this paper. The conclusion is that GDI and GEM. although praise-worthy achievements on the part of the UNDP, do not adequately reflect or measure male/female disparity in the Indian context. Both indices suffer from the weakness of employing a pre-assigned value of the Gender Sensitive Equity Indicator. They also exhibit several other shortcomings, outlined here. GDI is a poor indicator of the relative deprivation of females as shown by our analysis of the relationship between the GDI and the female/male ratio for 16 Indian core states.
Keyword Area Studies
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Economics Publications
Ecology Centre Publications
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Created: Tue, 14 Aug 2007, 16:41:35 EST