Forced emigration, favourable outcomes

Pearn, John (2001) Forced emigration, favourable outcomes. Australian And New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 25 5: 458-463. doi:10.1111/j.1467-842X.2001.tb00658.x

Author Pearn, John
Title Forced emigration, favourable outcomes
Journal name Australian And New Zealand Journal of Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1326-0200
Publication date 2001-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1467-842X.2001.tb00658.x
Volume 25
Issue 5
Start page 458
End page 463
Total pages 6
Editor Judith Lumley
Jeanne Daly
Place of publication Carlton, VIC
Publisher Public Health Association of Australia
Collection year 2001
Language eng
Subject C1
321027 Respiratory Diseases
730118 Organs, diseases and abnormal conditions not elsewhere classified
Abstract The discipline of public health and preventive medicine in Australia and New Zealand had its genesis in the advocacy of 18th and 19th century military pioneers. Military (Royal Navy and British Army) surgeons were posted to Australia as part of their non-discretionary duty. Civilian doctors emigrated variously for adventure, escapism and gold fever. One group, a particularly influential group disproportionate to their numbers, came in one sense as forced emigrants because of chronic respiratory disease in general, and tuberculosis in particular. Tuberculosis was an occupational hazard of 19th century medical and surgical practice throughout western Europe. This paper analyses six examples of such emigration which had, perhaps unforeseen at the time, significant results in the advancement of public health. Such emigration was in one sense voluntary, but in another was forced upon the victims in their quest for personal survival. In Australia, such medical individuals became leading advocates and successful catalysts for change in such diverse fields as social welfare, public health, the preventive aspects of medical practice, child health, nutrition and medical education. A number of such public health pioneers today have no physical memorials; but their influence is to be seen in the ethos of medical practice in Australia and New Zealand today. Their memory is further perpetuated in the names of Australian native wildflowers and trees that symbolise not only a healthy environment but the longterm investment, accrued with interest, of the institution of public health measures for which their advocacy achieved much success.
Keyword Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Public Health Publications
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Created: Tue, 14 Aug 2007, 15:31:15 EST